At that time impressionism reigned in the Latin Quarter, but its victory over the older schools was still recent; and Carolus-Duran
, Bouguereau, and their like were set up against Manet, Monet, and Degas.
The first two rooms, both small, are tightly focused, dedicated in turn to early large-scale commissions in France and small-scale studies of friends and fellow pupils from the studio of Carolus-Duran
, whose celebrated portrait by Sargent is on show.
Impressionist works may have dominated the show in number and impact, but paintings included in the exhibition by other more conservative and commercially successful artists such as Carolus-Duran
, Stevens, and Tissot are even more narrowly concerned with fashion.
Included are Monet's The Church at Varangeville (1882), Poussin's Tancred and Erminia (c 1634), Tuscan's Crucifixion (late C13th), Manet's Portrait of Carolus-Duran
(1876) and JMW Turner's The Sun Rising Through Vapour (c 1809).
5) By January 1882, when Hale entered the atelier of Carolus-Duran and Jean-Jacques Henner, the novelty of Paris was wearing thin as she felt the pressure of being a foreign student, considered lightweight and insincere by some instructors.
On occasion, men painted each other in this way, such as John Singer Sargent's 1879 portrait of his mentor Carolus-Duran.
Born in Florence in 1856 of well-to-do American expatriates, he lived and painted the Life Styles of the Rich and Famous, preparing his career in Paris as a student of the high-society portraitist Carolus-Duran
, while skimming the most seductive surfaces off Monet's Impressionism.
Unschooled but fluent in German, French and Italian, he had studied art in Paris under Carolus-Duran
with his cousin, Ralph Curtis.
Velazquez, Velazquez, Velazquez,' Carolus-Duran said, "Study Velazquez without respite
There is no Carolus-Duran any longer to teach us how.
Sargent studied with Emile Auguste Carolus-Duran
in Paris and absorbed on his own, through travel, the work of the Spanish painters Velazquez and Goya.
Sister Wendy enthusiastically explained the allure of her three favourite works in the collection - douard Manet's Portrait of Carolus-Duran
, Jan de Heem's Still life with nautilus cup, and her all-time favourite, Landscape in Flanders by Peter Paul Rubens.