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common name for some members of the Umbelliferae, a family (also called the parsley family) of chiefly biennial or perennial herbs of north temperate regions. Most are characterized by aromatic foliage, a dry fruit that splits when mature, and an umbellate inflorescence (a type of flattened flower cluster in which the stems of the small florets arise from the same point, like an umbrella). The seeds or leaves of many of these herbs have been used for centuries for seasoning or as greens (e.g., angelicaangelica
, any species of the genus Angelica, plants of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), native to the Northern Hemisphere and New Zealand, valued for their potency as a medicament and protection against evil spirits and the plague, which probably accounts for
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, aniseanise
, annual plant (Pimpinella anisum) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), native to the Mediterranean region but long cultivated elsewhere for its aromatic and medicinal qualities.
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, carawaycaraway,
biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and
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, chervilchervil
, name for two similar edible Old World herbs of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family). The salad chervil is Anthriscus cerefolium. Its leaves, like those of the related dill and parsley, are used for seasoning.
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, coriandercoriander
, strong-smelling Old World annual herb (Coriandrum sativum) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), cultivated for its fruits. Dried coriander seed contains an aromatic oil used as a flavoring, as a medicine, and in liqueurs.
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, cumincumin
or cummin
, low annual herb (Cuminum cyminum) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), long cultivated in the Old World for the aromatic seedlike fruits. The fruits resemble the related caraway and are similarly used in cooking.
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, dilldill,
Old World annual or biennial plant (Anethum graveolens) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), cultivated since at least since 400 B.C. The pungent, aromatic leaves and seeds are used for pickling and for flavoring sauces, salads, and soups.
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, fennelfennel,
common name for several perennial herbs, genus Foeniculum vulgare of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), related to dill. The strawlike foliage and the seeds are licorice-scented and are used (especially in Italian cooking) for flavoring.
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, lovagelovage,
tall perennial herb (Levisticum officinale) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), native to the mountains of S Europe and cultivated elsewhere. Its aromatic fruits are used in soups and as a flavoring for confectionery and for some liqueurs.
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, and parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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). The carrot, celerycelery,
biennial plant (Apium graveolens) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), of wide distribution in the wild state throughout the north temperate Old World and much cultivated also in America.
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, and parsnipparsnip,
garden plant (Pastinaca sativa) of the family Umbelliferae (parsley family), native to the Old World. It has been cultivated since Roman times for its long, fleshy, edible root. Wine and beer have also been made from it.
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 are vegetables of commercial importance. The common garden carrot (Daucus carota sativa) is a root croproot crop,
vegetable cultivated chiefly for its edible roots, e.g., the beet, turnip, mangel-wurzel, carrot, and parsnip. All root crops have a large water content and grow best in deeply cultivated soil in cool, overcast weather when the plant's loss of water through
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, probably derived from some variety of the wild carrot (or Queen Anne's laceQueen Anne's lace
or wild carrot,
herb (Daucus carota) of the family Umbelliferae (carrot family), native to the Old World but naturalized and often weedy throughout North America.
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). Although the common carrot in markets is now predominantly orange, carrots range in color from white to purple. In antiquity several types of carrot were grown as medicinals, and in Europe carrots have long been grown for use in soups and stews. The custom of eating carrots raw as a salad has become widespread in the 20th cent. Carrots are a rich source of carotene (vitamin A), especially when they are cooked. Several types of carrot have also been cultivated since ancient times as aromatic plants. Some are still planted as fragrant garden ornamentals, such as the button snakeroot and sweet cicely. A few members of the Umbelliferae produce lethal poison; it was one of these, the poison hemlock, that Socrates was compelled to take. The water hemlock is also poisonous. Carrots are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.

What does it mean when you dream about carrots?

The carrot is a symbol of good health for the eyes, particularly if the dreamer eats the carrot. It is a prolific symbol because of the association of rabbits with carrots. It may also symbolize a lure, as in the expression, “dangle a carrot,” depending on how the carrot is experienced.


Daucus carota. A biennial umbellifer of the order Umbellales with a yellow or orange-red edible root.


1. an umbelliferous plant, Daucus carota sativa, with finely divided leaves and flat clusters of small white flowers
2. the long tapering orange root of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
References in periodicals archive ?
The assessment of biological activities associated with the major constituents of the methanol extract of 'wild carrot' (Daucus carota L) seeds.
Carota, the one-time union laborer who rose to become Paper Industry Executive of the Year as chairman, president and chief executive officer of Glens Falls, NY-based Finch, Pruyn & Co.
The first findings for the name carota for the garden carrot is revealed in the writings of Athenaeus (A.
5 Datura stramonium (jimsonweed) -- -- -- Daucus carota (wild carrot) 15.
This was the case, also in 1486, of Fotes Carota, from Santarem, wife of Ale ([sup.
Rebecca Jayne Turner In recognition of a programme of work entitled, "Optimising Weed Management Strategies in Organically-Grown Carrots (Daucus Carota L)", carried out at Coventry University, in collaboration with the Henry Doubleday Research Association and Warwick HRI, under the direction and supervision of Professor P J C Harris, Professor of Plant Science, School of Science and the Environment, Coventry University, Dr D Whitehouse, Programme Area Manager, Warwickshire College, Moreton Morrell and Dr A C Grundy, Research Leader - Weed Science, Warwick HRI.
Linkage relationships among molecular markers and storage root traits of carrot (Daucus carota L.
Marco Carota, who came from London with his family to see the match, said: "The Welsh are very good supporters and I'm having a fantastic time.
So good, in fact, that the orange-red cash crop of the biennial Daucus carota plant deeply rooted the Dejonghe family in a frozen vegetable business that is now well into its second generation of continuous growth.
The company's archives provided Carota with the recipe idea and inspiration for the name, Isherwood said.