Transcarpathian Ukraine

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Transcarpathian Ukraine


Transcarpathian Rus’, Transcarpathia, the historical name of the present-day TransCarpathian Oblast, Ukrainian SSR.

Since ancient times the Transcarpathian Ukraine has been inhabited by Eastern Slavs. In the tenth and 11th centuries, it was part of Kievan Rus’. After its seizure by Hungarian feudal lords in the llth century, the region remained part of Hungary, later Austria and Austria-Hungary, until 1919, when it became part of the bourgeois Czechoslovak Republic. A Hungarian fascist regime was established there in 1938–39.

The Soviet Army liberated the Transcarpathian Ukraine in 1944. The Congress of People’s Committees of the Transcarpathian Ukraine, meeting in the city of Mukachevo on Nov. 26, 1944, adopted a manifesto proclaiming the reunification of the region with the Soviet Ukraine. The inclusion of the Transcarpathian Ukraine in the Ukrainian SSR was carried out in accordance with a treaty signed on June 29, 1945, by the USSR and Czechoslovakia. The Transcarpathian Oblast of the Ukrainian SSR, with its administrative center at Uzhgorod, was established by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on Jan. 22, 1946.


Kolomiets, I. G. “Ocherki po istorii Zakarpat’ia,” part 1. In Tr. Tomskogo gos. un-ta: Seriia istoricheskaia, vol. 121, issue 2. Tomsk, 1953.
Kolomiets, I. G. Ocherki po istorii Zarkarpat’ia, part 2. Tomsk, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Born in the village of Odavidhaza, in Carpathian Ruthenia in Austria-Hungary (near present-day Mukacheve, western Ukraine), Hameiri fought in World War I as a soldier in the Austro-Hungarian army and recounted his experiences in two fictionalized memoirs, The Great Madness (1929; translation published by Vantage, 1952) and Hell on Earth (original-language publication, 1932).
On one side, there are the symbols of Czechia, Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia, the old monarchy, the two-headed eagle divided by a line between the colours of the flag.
The new nation of Czechoslovakia was established in 1919 and was a merger of the regions of Bohemia, Slovakia, and Carpathian Ruthenia. Among their multi-ethnic population was a large minority of Germans, the Sudetendeutsche, who were to be cause of much trouble in the future.