Carpenter, Malcolm Scott

Carpenter, Malcolm Scott

Carpenter, Malcolm Scott, 1925–2013, American astronaut, b. Boulder, Colo. The second American to go into orbital flight around the earth, he made his historic and suspenseful flight on May 24, 1962. In his three-orbit trip he repeated the earlier success of John Glenn. Carpenter's second orbit was under manual control, and during it he discovered that he could make small changes in the capsule's orientation in space by movements of his head and arms. On descending, his capsule, Aurora 7, overshot the pickup area by 250 nautical mi (463 km) causing nationwide concern for his safety. A commander in the U.S. navy, Carpenter had served with an antisubmarine patrol during the Korean War. From 1965 to 1967 he was a member of the navy aquanaut project and in 1969 retired from the navy to go into private business.


See his memoir (2002, with K. Stoever).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carpenter, Malcolm Scott


Born May 1, 1925, in Boulder, Colo. US pilot and astronaut. Navy lieutenant commander.

In 1949 Carpenter graduated from the University of Colorado(with a major in aviation technology). After graduating from thenavy’s test-pilot school (1954), he worked in the electronic sys-tems department of the navy’s aviation test center. From 1959he was in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’sgroup of astronauts. On May 24, 1962, he completed a five-hourflight around the earth (three orbits) in the Mercury spaceship(MA-7, also called Aurora 7).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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