Carson Sink

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Carson Sink,

swampy area, c.100 sq mi (260 sq km), W Nev.; a remnant of ancient Lake Lahontan. Fallon National Wildlife Refuge is located there. The Carson River (c.125 mi/200 km long), fed by melted snow, flows into the sink. The river's course was followed by California-bound travelers in the 1850s and 1860s. Mercury used in the mining of gold and silver in the latter half of the 19th cent. contributed to massive pollution of the river. Lahontan Dam, part of the Newlands project, impounds river water for irrigation and produces electricity.
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Battleground Point #14, a 1999 chromogenic print by Richard Misrach, starkly depicts a gracefully curving desert sand dune reflected perfectly in a vast shimmering temporary lake created by a flash flood in Nevada's Carson Sink.
Other areas evaluated included San Diego Bay, San Francisco Bay, Monterey Bay, Humboldt Bay, Mono Lake, and Tule Lake in California; Willapa Bay, Grays Harbor, and Puget Sound in Washington; Blackfoot Reservoir, Mormon Reservoir and Bear Lake in Idaho; and Pyramid Lake and Carson Sink areas in Nevada.
Basins occupying grabens within the study area include Carson Sink and Dixie Valley.
Scarps cutting alluvial fans along the eastern rim of Carson Sink attest to recent northwest-southeast crustal extension.
Southern Carson Sink is one such area, with temperatures routinely exceeding 365 [degrees] F in exploratory holes.
Depths-to-bedrock range from 0 ft in the mountain ranges to IlK ft in the northern part of Carson Sink.
An enormous ball of phosphorous bounds across the Carson Sink.