Carteret, Philip

Carteret, Philip,

1639–82, first colonial governor of New JerseyNew Jersey,
Middle Atlantic state of the E United States. It is bordered by New York State (N and, across the Hudson River and New York Harbor, E), the Atlantic Ocean (E), Delaware, across Delaware Bay and River (SW), and Pennsylvania, across the Delaware River (W).
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. Carteret, commissioned by the proprietor, Sir George CarteretCarteret, Sir George
, c.1610–1680, proprietor of East Jersey (see New Jersey). He served in the British navy, fought for the royalists, and became (1643) lieutenant governor of his native island of Jersey.
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, his fourth cousin, arrived in the province in 1665. He soon faced disputes over confused land titles and rebellion by tenant farmers against quitrents (fixed rents). After the division of New Jersey in 1676, he was made governor of East Jersey. Mounting difficulties with Sir Edmund AndrosAndros, Sir Edmund
, 1637–1714, British colonial governor in America, b. Guernsey. As governor of New York (1674–81) he was bitterly criticized for his high-handed methods, and he was embroiled in disputes over boundaries and duties (see New Jersey), going so far as
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 over the right to collect customs duties led to Carteret's imprisonment by Andros and his eventual restoration by the duke of York (later James II).
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Carteret, Philip

(1639–82) first governor of New Jersey; born in Isle of Jersey, England. After arriving at Elizabethport (1665) he instituted a government and summoned the first New Jersey legislature (1668). Following a challenge to his government by Sir Edmund Andros (1680) he was re-instated as governor, but he relinquished his office and died soon afterward.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.