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a school in philosophy and natural science during the 17th and 18th centuries whose theoretical source was the ideas of the French philosopher R. Descartes (whose Latin name is Cartesius—hence the term).

Cartesianism is characterized by a consistent dualism—an extremely sharp division of the world into two independent substances—extended substance (res extensa) and the thinking substance (res cogitans). However, the problem of their mutual interaction within a thinking being remained fundamentally unresolved. Also characteristic of Cartesianism was the development of a rationalistic mathematical (geometrical) method. The self-evidence of consciousness (Descartes’ “I think, therefore I am”), as well as the theory of innate ideas, forms the starting point for Cartesian epistemology. Cartesian physics, in contrast to that of Newton, considered everything extended to be corporeal, thus rejecting the idea of empty space; it described motion with the aid of the concept “vortex.” Cartesian physics subsequently found its expression in the theory of short-range action. The development of Cartesianism was marked by two opposing trends, one toward materialistic monism, as in H. de Roi (Regius) and B. Spinoza, and the other toward occasionalism, as in A. Geulincx and N. de Malebranche.


Bykhovskii, B. Filosofiia Dekarta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940. Chapter 10.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957. Pages 382–408.
Liozzi, M. Istoriia fiziki. Moscow, 1970. (Translated from Italian.)
Brockdorff, C. Descartes und die Fortbildung der kartesianischen Lehre. Munich, 1923.
Mouy, P. Le Développement de la physique cartésienne (1646–1712). Paris, 1934.
Dibon, P. Sur VHistoire de la philosophie cartésienne. Groningue, 1955.


References in periodicals archive ?
Uncertainty a la Cartesianism cannot be, later, made certain, via this logic.
He pointed out how the concept of brain death was inspired by a concept of humanity that was strictly within the framework of 17th-century Cartesianism and warned of the dangers of its vivisectionist consequences: "Who can claim to know whether at the moment the scalpel is beginning to do its work a non-cerebral, diffuse sensitivity that is still capable of suffering .
The rejection of Neo-Platonism, along with the embrace of Hobbesian natural philosophy and Cartesianism during the mid-seventeenth century made the intellectual justification of ghost beliefs untenable.
At the very time that Dutch society was rocked by debates about the meaning and consequences of Cartesianism, a highly placed Japanese commentator could observe that the Dutch 'are ingenious only in techniques that deal with appearances and utility, but are ignorant about metaphysical matters .
8) Because of its exclusion of teleological explanations, Cartesianism emphasized fact to the exclusion of value.
Receptions of Descartes: Cartesianism and Anti-Cartesianism in Early Modern Europe, Routledge, London, 2005, 251 pp.
From the first three writers Cohen inherits the deconstruction of logocentrism, Cartesianism, and hermeneutics; from the fourth, the loss of the "aura" in the age of mechanical reproduction, which Cohen reads in the same deconstructive tradition, as overthrowing Enlightenment epistemologies.
Topics range widely, including the nature of money, the nature of probability, and the influence of Cartesianism on economic foundations.
Yet, the monk, who knew that it was never far from Cartesianism to faith, asked "Do you think it's more difficult to turn empty air into wine than wine into blood?
The opening essay by Erik Davis, 'Synthetic Mediations: Cognito in the Matrix' employs the writings of Descartes to stylishly argue that Cartesianism is alive and well in technoculture fields such as Al and VR.
This may also reify the Cartesianism in this story insofar as the body acts and is acted upon while the mind reflects.
In contrast with the traditional assertion of a rigid substantial dualism--which appears to originate far more in Cartesianism than in any religion (even Christianity)--this gradual acquaintance with oneself as an integrated mind/body unit has been exemplarily defined as a long difficult process within two main religious traditions, through the Incarnation of Christ, and through the Buddhist samsaric Reincarnation.