Here, Tinti utilizes a remarkable range of sources, including not just the cartularies
and charters examined in earlier chapters but also late Saxon church fabric, hagiography, homilies, liturgical manuscripts, and sculpture.
Aubrey had examined cartularies
himself, in the context of his Wiltshire Antiquities.
Nonn and A Richter (eds.), Karl Martell in seiner Zeit (Beihefte der Francia, xxxvii, Sigmaringen, 1994), the number of charters, their production for transactions not involving the church or, indeed, before monasteries were founded, and their use as evidence in court cases, all emerge from the briefest look at Carolingian cartularies
. In any case, Richter's argument that charters were not dispositive in narrow legal terms can be challenged empirically from the very evidence he uses.
With Old English there is the additional complication that most of the anchor texts, which are charter boundaries, are not extant in contemporary manuscripts, so one has to keep a weather eye open for possible contamination by cartulary copyists; but that is not usually a problem, because cartularies
up to the mid-thirteenth century on the whol e copy tenth- and eleventh-century texts more accurately than do tenth-and eleventh-century literary manuscripts.
In the following article, Professor Epstein uses specific data gleaned from the cartularies
of thirteenth-century Genoese notaries to investigate more concretely the uses of time and the structure of the business day in Genoa, He concludes that, in this early center of Western commercial activity at least, an impulse toward greater precision in marking the time of day preceded the arrival of the clock.
The second chapter establishes the purpose of cartularies
as mechanisms for communicating and enshrining particular histories by considering composition, copying and dissemination, and subsequent uses of cartularies
These days, however, documents from monastic cartularies
are routinely invoked as (imperfect) windows onto village communities peopled almost entirely by peasants and artisans; windows which allow us to glimpse aspects of daily life and thereby better understand what Wendy Davies has characterized as the <<small worlds>> of medieval Europe (3).
, those registers of title deeds, privileges, and other documents, are often unglamorous, but fundamental, sources for the history of medieval communities.
This collection is for the specialist familiar with English common law, the legal terminology (Latin) of cartularies
, and an understanding of feudal land tenure.
Part 3 introduces the beginner to the major genres of medieval manuscripts: the Bible and related texts, liturgical books and their calendars, Books of Hours, charters and cartularies
, maps, and rolls and scrolls.
However, an important element in the book is the material derived from the private documents relating to the Carrara and their leading subjects, preserved in a number of notarial cartularies
Kemp Reading Abbey Cartularies
: British Library Manuscripts Egerton 3031, Harley 1708, and Cotton Vespasian E XXV, Camden Society, 4th Series 31, 2 vols (1986), I, 1-3, 186.