Carvajal, Francisco de

Carvajal, Francisco de

(fränthēs`kō dā kärvähäl`), 1464?–1548, Spanish conquistador. For 40 years he fought in European wars before going to Mexico and subsequently to Peru, where he aided Francisco Pizarro. He grew rich from the tributory labor of indigenous people, thousands of whom died in his mines at Potosí. He supported (1542) Vaca de CastroVaca de Castro, Cristóbal
, fl. 1540–45, Spanish colonial administrator in Peru. A judge of the royal audiencia at Valladolid, he was chosen by Charles V to restore order between the Pizarro and the Almagro factions. He was a man of integrity, sagacity, and courage.
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 against the revolt of Diego de Almagro the younger, but when the New Laws to protect the native people were put in force in Peru (1544), he joined the revolt of Gonzalo PizarroPizarro, Gonzalo
, c.1506–1548, Spanish conquistador, brother of Francisco Pizarro. A lieutenant of his brother in the conquest of Peru, Gonzalo aided in the defense of Cuzco (1536–37) against the Inca Manco Capac, subdued Charcas (present Bolivia), and fought
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. He was captured with Gonzalo Pizarro and executed.
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