Sex toy specialists Carvaka
have urged people to get all the facts before going away.
(8) For classic examples of this skeptical critique of causality in the Eastern and Western philosophical traditions, see the surviving texts of the ancient Indian Carvaka
school (A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy, ed.
Uniqueness of Carvaka
Philosophy in Traditional Indian Thought.
Thus, Sen writes, "this home [India] of endless spirituality has perhaps the largest atheistic and materialist literature of all the ancient civilizations." He adds that Buddhism was agnostic, the Carvaka
and Lokayata philosophies of the atheist schools generated extensive arguments about materialism (Sen: Spring 1997).
Sen refers to the powerful effect of the Lokayata and Carvaka
schools of thought from the first millennium CE which encouraged open debate, and supported the Mughal emperor Akbar in his famous open multi-religious dialogues in the late sixteenth century.
European historians of Indian thought tended to forget that there had been many pre-vedic, non-vedic and even anti-vedic schools of thought which were quite popular with the people (Lokayata, Carvaka
, Kapalika, etc.).
Examples would be "Hinduism, New Movements" (335) and "Carvaka
(Lokayata) Philosophy" (123).
Its heritage traces back to the philosophers and poets of ancient Greece and Rome, Confucian China, and the Carvaka
movement in classical India.
(65.) According to Abhinavagupta, these "others" are "followers of Brhaspati" (barhaspatya), i.e., some materialists (carvaka
) who embrace the ideas expressed in the sutras traditionally ascribed to Brhaspati.
One of them is a verse associated with the Carvaka
tradition of Indian philosophy (no.