Caryophyllaceae


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Related to Caryophyllaceae: Ranunculaceae, Caryophyllene

Caryophyllaceae

[¦kar·ē·ō·fə′lās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Caryophyllales differing from the other families in lacking betalains.

Caryophyllaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants consisting of herbs, more rarely semishrubs, and very rarely shrubs. Plants of the Caryophyllaceae family almost always have opposite, mostly sessile, entire, and usually narrow leaves. The blossoms are regular, generally bisexual, five-membered, and predominantly in dichasia. The ovary is superior; the fruit is a boll, or more rarely nutlike or berrylike. There are approximately 80 genera and 2,100 species, chiefly in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are more than 40 genera and 675 species. The most widespread are Silene, Gypsophila, and Cerastium. Dianthuses, catchfly, Lychnis, and Saponaria are ornamentals. Some Caryophyllaceae are weeds—for example, corn cockle (poisonous), chickweed, spurry, and Spergularia. The subterranean organs of spiny-leaved plants, Saponaria, Gypsophila, and less often other Caryophyllaceae, which contain saponin, are used under the name “soaproot” in the manufacture of halvah and lemonade and for washing woolen and silk textiles. Some Caryophyllaceae are used in perfumery and medicine.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow, 1966. Pages 159-61.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Las familias mas diversas fueron Asteraceae (29 especies), Poaceae (14), Caryophyllaceae (5), Orobanchaceae (5), Brassicaceae (4), Fabaceae (4) y Solanaceae (4) (Figura 3).
Silene kemahensis (Caryophyllaceae): A new species from Erzincan (Turkey).
Families with the largest number of species in Tallinn vascular plants database (including micro-species), top 11 Family Indigenous Alien Total Species Species Species N % N % N % Asteraceae 162 16.6 56 12.3 218 15.2 Poaceae 78 8.0 31 6.8 109 7.7 Rosaceae 56 5.7 43 9.4 99 6.9 Brassicaceae 40 4.1 45 10.0 85 6.0 Cyperaceae 77 7.9 1 0.2 78 5.4 Fabaceae 39 4.0 20 4.4 59 4.1 Caryophyllaceae 39 4.0 13 2.8 52 3.6 Scrophulariaceae 34 3.5 10 2.2 44 3.1 Chenopodiaceae 16 1.6 26 5.7 42 2.9 Lamiaceae 26 2.7 15 3.3 41 2.9 Ranunculaceae 31 3.2 10 2.2 41 2.9 Total 598 61.3 270 59.3 868 60.7 Total number of 980 455 1435 100.0 vascular plant species listed in Tallinn database Table 2.
The twelve families (based upon the APG-III classification) having the highest number of species are Asteraceae (50 species), Poaceae (41), Brassicaceae (16), Cyperaceae (13), Fabaceae (13), Lamiaceae (13), Polygonaceae (12), Apiaceae (10), Caryophyllaceae (8), Plantaginaceae (8), Ranunculaceae (8), and Rosaceae (7).
Arenaria deflexa, which belongs to the family Caryophyllaceae was found in Wadi Ghalilah (Ra's al-Khaimah).
* Ex-Or H Caryophyllaceae Arenaria lanuginosa (Michx.) Na-Ar H Rohrb.
& Wiens Ericaceae Arctostaphylos polifolia Kunth Ericaceae Arctostaphylos pungens Kunth Caryophyllaceae Arenaria lycopodioides Wiild ex Schltdl.
by Dobson, 2006), including Silene latifolia (Caryophyllaceae; Dotterl and Jurgens, 2005) and Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceae; Plepys et al., 2002) and suspected for the food-deceptive Phlox relative, Linanthus dichotomus (Polemoniaceae; Chess et al., 2008).
es un arbusto sufrutice, miembro de la familia Caryophyllaceae. El genero Pycnophyllum consiste de nueve especies, las cuales se distribuyen desde el centro del Peru hasta el norte de la Argentina (Timana 2005; Beck et al., 2014).
(n=1) Schinus polygamus (n=1) El Carrizalito Zea mays (n=45) Puesto Jaque Berberis II (150 litros empetrifolia (n=6) de sedimento flotado) Caryophyllaceae (n=982) Chenopodium papulosum (n=66) Erodium cicutarium (n=4) Oxalis sp.
Mae o'n bendant yn aelod o deulu y Caryophyllaceae, rhyw fath o sbort o'r botwn crys o'n i'n meddwl.