Caryophyllaceae


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Related to Caryophyllaceae: Ranunculaceae, Caryophyllene

Caryophyllaceae

[¦kar·ē·ō·fə′lās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Caryophyllales differing from the other families in lacking betalains.

Caryophyllaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants consisting of herbs, more rarely semishrubs, and very rarely shrubs. Plants of the Caryophyllaceae family almost always have opposite, mostly sessile, entire, and usually narrow leaves. The blossoms are regular, generally bisexual, five-membered, and predominantly in dichasia. The ovary is superior; the fruit is a boll, or more rarely nutlike or berrylike. There are approximately 80 genera and 2,100 species, chiefly in the temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are more than 40 genera and 675 species. The most widespread are Silene, Gypsophila, and Cerastium. Dianthuses, catchfly, Lychnis, and Saponaria are ornamentals. Some Caryophyllaceae are weeds—for example, corn cockle (poisonous), chickweed, spurry, and Spergularia. The subterranean organs of spiny-leaved plants, Saponaria, Gypsophila, and less often other Caryophyllaceae, which contain saponin, are used under the name “soaproot” in the manufacture of halvah and lemonade and for washing woolen and silk textiles. Some Caryophyllaceae are used in perfumery and medicine.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow, 1966. Pages 159-61.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Tableau 1 Classement des familles par nombre d'especes dans la flore du Maroc et la region de Rabat Nombre Nombre d'especes d'especes Familles dans la flore du dans la region de botaniques Maroc Rabat Fabaceae 471 22 Poaceae 351 10 Caryophyllaceae 236 6 Lamiaceae 226 20 Apiaceae 174 25 Liliaceae 103 9 Tableau 2 Les 34 especes les moins utilisees en medecine traditionnelle dans la region de Rabat presentant une frequence d'utilisation de l'ordre de 1.
199 of 331 documented species) and the sites referred to above, are the Apiaceae, Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Cyperaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Plantaginaceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Ranunculaceae, and Rosaceae (see Appendix 1).
This Caryophyllaceae has also been reported from Saudi Arabia.
amp; Wiens Ericaceae Arctostaphylos polifolia Kunth Ericaceae Arctostaphylos pungens Kunth Caryophyllaceae Arenaria lycopodioides Wiild ex Schltdl.
n=1) Schinus polygamus (n=1) El Carrizalito Zea mays (n=45) Puesto Jaque Berberis II (150 litros empetrifolia (n=6) de sedimento flotado) Caryophyllaceae (n=982) Chenopodium papulosum (n=66) Erodium cicutarium (n=4) Oxalis sp.
Mae o'n bendant yn aelod o deulu y Caryophyllaceae, rhyw fath o sbort o'r botwn crys o'n i'n meddwl.
2011) record Arorathrips mexicanus (Crawford) in Mexico as associated with a species of Caryophyllaceae, and Berzosa (1994) records several species of Chirothrips in Spain from a wide range of plant families.