Casablanca Conference of 1943

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Casablanca Conference of 1943


a British-American conference between F. D. Roosevelt, president of the USA, and W. Churchill, prime minister of Great Britain, and including high military officials of these two countries.

The Casablanca Conference was held between January 14 and January 24 in a suburb of Casablanca in Morocco. The Casablanca Conference discussed prospective Allied military operations for 1943. An accord was reached on the landing of Allied troops in Sicily after the completion of the campaign in North Africa. The participants in the conference believed that this would not only help drive fascist Italy out of the war but also prepare a springboard for the landing of British and American troops in the Balkans. The Casablanca Conference put off the question of a second front in northern France to strike a blow at the vital centers of fascist Germany, despite pledges of action by the US and British governments to the Soviet government. Such a policy corresponded to the plan of the British and US statesmen, who hoped that the USSR and Germany would exhaust each other in a protracted war. The Casablanca Conference also confirmed a plan of operation in northern Burma which envisioned driving the Japanese troops out of Rangoon. The participants in the conference discussed the French administration in North Africa (Generals de Gaulle and H. Giraud were invited for this purpose), the position of Turkey in the war, and the fate of the colonies in the postwar period.

An important development of the conference was Roosevelt’s statement at a press conference in Casablanca on Jan. 24, 1943, that the Allies would seek the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan.


War and Peace Aims of the United Nations, vol. 2. Boston, 1948. Pages 1–4.


Israelian, V. L. Antigitlerovskaia Koalitsiia. Moscow, 1964.
Istoriia mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii i vneshnei politiki SSSR. Vol. 2: 1939–1945. Moscow, 1962.
Sherwood, R. Ruzvel’t i Gopkins glazami ochevidtsa, vol. 2. Moscow, 1958. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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He combined this with unequivocal support for the allied war effort, after the Casablanca conference of 1943 at which, despite the disapproval of Churchill and the displeasure of de Gaulle hovering impatiently in the wings, he gained Roosevelt's unqualified support for independence, contributing some 350,000 Moroccan troops to the Free French side, and a genuine understanding of national unity, resisting Vichy French instructions to permit legislation which would have allowed for the deportation of Moroccan Jews to Germany.