Casal, Julián del

Casal, Julián del

Casal, Julián del (ho͞olyänˈ dĕl käsälˈ), 1863–93, Cuban poet, b. Havana. A friend of Rubén Darío, Casal became a leader in modernismo. He was greatly influenced by the French Parnassians. Afflicted with a painful form of tuberculosis, he wrote verse expressing deep pessimism, often choosing subjects from antiquity and far-off lands, especially Japan. His best-known collections are Hojas al viento [leaves in the wind] (1890) and Bustos y rimas [busts and rhymes] (1893).


See critical edition of his poems in English (3 vol., 1976–78); selected prose in English (1949); study by P. Pearsall (1984).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Casal, Julián Del


Born Nov. 7, 1863, in Havana; died there Oct. 21, 1893. Cuban poet. Son of a landowner; an official.

The influence of Spanish romanticism noticeable in Casal’s early poetry had already given way to the influence of the French Parnassians by the time of his first book, Leaves in the Wind (1890); this influence in turn gave way to that of the French symbolists, as shown in the collection Snow (1892). Busts and Rhymes (1893) included both poetry and prose. Casal’s poetry is characterized by pessimism and an escape from reality into an exotic world but at the same time by harmoniousness of form and musicality of verse.


Poesías completas. Havana, 1945.
In Russian translation:
In the collection Kubinskaia poeziia. Moscow, 1959.
In the collection Soldaty svobody. Moscow, 1963.


Portuondo, J. A. Istoricheskii ocherk kubinskoi literatury. Moscow,
1961. (Translated from Spanish.) Monner Sans, J. M. J. del Casal y el modernismo hispano-americano.
Mexico City, 1952.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.