Cascade Range

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Cascade Range

Cascade Range, mountain chain, c.700 mi (1,130 km) long, extending S from British Columbia to N Calif., where it becomes the Sierra Nevada; it parallels the Coast Ranges, 100–150 mi (161–241 km) inland from the Pacific Ocean. Many of the range's highest peaks are volcanic cones, covered with snowfields and glaciers. Mt. St. Helens erupted in 1980 in one of the greatest volcanic explosions in U.S. history, and Lassen Peak, 10,457 ft (3,187 m) high, in Lassen Volcanic National Park, is still active. Mt. Rainier (14,410 ft/4,392 m), in Mount Rainier National Park, is the highest point in the Cascades; Mt. Shasta and Mt. Hood are other prominent peaks. The Columbia River flows from east to west across the range. Of the many lakes in the Cascades, Crater Lake, in Crater Lake National Park, and Lake Chelan, in Lake Chelan National Recreation Area, are the most famous. Other federal lands in this popular recreation area are North Cascades National Park, Ross Lake National Recreation Area, and Cascade-Siskiyou and Lava Beds national monuments; national forests cover an extensive area.

Receiving more than 100 in. (254 cm) of precipitation annually, much of it as snow, the Cascades are a major source of water in the NW United States. Hydroelectricity is generated on the western slope; irrigation is used in the fertile eastern side valleys. Timber is the region's chief resource, but a growing concern for ecology and the environment has developed into a major political debate surrounding the trees. The Cascade Tunnel, 8 mi (12.9 km), is one of the longest railroad tunnels in North America.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cascade Range

 

a mountain range of the North American Cordillerra, located in the USA and Canada. Length, about 1,000 km; maximum altitude, 4, 392 m (Mount Rainier, a volcano).

The Cascade Range gets its name from the abundance of terrace-like waterfalls (cascades) on the Columbia, Fraser, Klamath, and other rivers that cut through the range. The range is formed by Mesozoic crystalline rocks covered by huge layers of Paleogene and Neocene lavas. Above this strongly dissected volcanic plateau, which is from 1, 800 to 2, 500 m high, rise isolated cones of volcanoes, such as Mount Baker, Mount Rainier, Mount Hood, and Lassen Peak, with altitudes of 3, 000 to 4, 000 m and more. Most of the volcanoes are extinct, although their slopes abound in fumaroles and hot springs. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Mount Rainier and Lassen Peak showed their greatest volcanic activity. The volcanic peaks are covered with vast snow fields and glaciers. Dark coniferous forests grow on the humid western slopes of the range and pine trees on the dry eastern slopes; above 2, 800–3, 000 m, the forests give way to subalpine and alpine meadows. There are copper and gold deposits in the mountains. Crater Lake, Mount Rainier, and Lassen Volcanic national parks are located in the Cascade Range.

A. V. ANTIPOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cascade Range

a chain of mountains in the US and Canada: a continuation of the Sierra Nevada range from N California through Oregon and Washington to British Columbia. Highest peak: Mount Rainier, 4392 m (14 408 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
For hikers who are nonetheless interested in tasting the berries, Hummer told Popular Science they can be found on the "western, wetter side of the Cascade Mountains, off the Pacific Crest Trail."
From the Cascade Mountains west to the Pacific coast, Oregon's Roosevelt elk herd is thought to number 59,000 animals, while on the east side, the Rocky Mountain herd is estimated at 56,00G.
The Heritage Trails take you from Stanley Park at the mouth of the Burrard Inle, to the Cascade Mountains above Hope, and through the heart of B.C.
Here, Gordon documents the return of a wolf pack to the snowy peaks of Washington's Cascade Mountains.
Land of the Lost Wolves BBC1, 9pm Gordon Buchanan presents a two-part programme documenting the return of a wolf pack to the snowy peaks of Washington's Cascade Mountains. As he explains, these creatures are the first specimens to return to the American Northwest in 70 years.
They travelled instead to the Cascade Mountains in Washington where wolves have returned by themselves.
In this two-part wildlife special, the Scottish cameraman travels to Washington State's Cascade Mountains in an attempt to track down wolves who are flourishing in the wild after being driven to the point of extinction.
In February 1910, two trains were swept off the tracks in the Cascade Mountains, killing and injuring passengers and presenting huge challenges to rescue workers.
The service area is vast--covering a quarter of Oregon, from the Pacific Ocean to the Cascade Mountains.
Even though Whidbey Island was a nice 60 F, we saw plenty of snow on top of the Cascade Mountains, and the freezing level was near 5,000 feet.
The study showed that even if the biofuels were used in an optimal manner to produce electricity or make cellulosic ethanol, there would still be a net loss of carbon sequestration in forests of the Coast Range and the west side of the Cascade Mountains for at least 100 years - and probably much longer.