cash crop

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cash crop

any agricultural crop grown for the market rather than for subsistence.

Historically, the increasing importance of production for markets – including such phenomena as PLANTATION agriculture, AGRIBUSINESS, MONOCULTURE – is a central feature of social and economic development with very wide implications, including changes in LAND TENURE and forms of labour. As well as whatever new opportunities production for market brings, it also introduces into previously largely subsistence PEASANT economies new uncertainties and disruptions associated with market forces, where ‘natural’ disasters such as FAMINE from pestilence, flood or drought had formerly posed the main problems.

In the THIRD WORLD, a process of substitution of cash crops for others has been associated with processes of MODERNIZATION or DEPENDENCY and is often under the influence of foreign markets and foreign corporations. However, in Third World countries, with the growth of URBANIZATION, internal markets are often just as important. Whilst in some cases it is possible to see the substitution of some crops for others, e.g. carnations and coffee for maize and beans in Colombia, at other times the same crop may be both a subsistence and a cash crop, e.g. rice in many Asian countries. In this case, the process of movement to cash cropping may involve fewer varieties of crops being grown, having a similar effect of forcing the producer into the market to buy food previously grown for subsistence. See also SUBSISTENCE ECONOMY OR SOCIETY.

References in periodicals archive ?
Our lives depend on ginger crop, as it is our primary cash crop.
If we have a road, it would encourage the farmers to cultivate cash crops and earn as the land is very fertile apart from helping to reach the goods,' a resident, D.
IANS Shimla Himachal Pradesh, country's off-season cash crops bowl, has sought additional funds of Rs1,000 crore from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) for extending a crop diversification project, an official said on Friday.
Taking to reporter here on Monday he said that the rains arrived at a crucial time as all seasonal crops required rains at this stage, particularly for the wheat, one of the most important cash crops of the Rabi.
On Monday Dr Gopang explained that the rains had arrived at a crucial time, as all seasonal crops required rains at this stage, particularly wheat, one of the most important cash crops of the country.
Taking to APP here on Monday he said that the rains arrived at a crucial time as all seasonal crops required rains at this stage, particularly for the wheat, one of the most important cash crops of the Rabi.
The committee which would met here on Thursday with Senator Syed Muzaffar Hussain Shah in the chair will also discuss the issues and challenges being faced by the growers and it would recommend the remedial measures for boosting major cash crops of the country.
Agriculture saw sturdy growth as rice and cash crops prospered under favorable weather this year.
Prices for cash crops in Uganda have hit rock bottom and some outside assistance has been eagerly taken up.
The head of the visiting delegation has reviewed the (PTA Bank) experience with Sudan's agriculture bank in production of agriculture crops with the focus on the cash crops , pointing out to the Bank's efforts in developing marketing and storage systems with Canadian technologies and UAE financing, as well as a long-term revolving financing projects as part of the Bank's plan for the development of the agricultural sector, revealing a number of meetings with the competent authorities on the Bank's policies and the presented projects.
The erratic weather has proved lethal for the production of cotton, one of the country's key cash crops.
The remaining land is planted with more than 40 other food and cash crops such as yams, oil palm, groundnuts, vegetables, and plantain.