cash crop

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cash crop

any agricultural crop grown for the market rather than for subsistence.

Historically, the increasing importance of production for markets – including such phenomena as PLANTATION agriculture, AGRIBUSINESS, MONOCULTURE – is a central feature of social and economic development with very wide implications, including changes in LAND TENURE and forms of labour. As well as whatever new opportunities production for market brings, it also introduces into previously largely subsistence PEASANT economies new uncertainties and disruptions associated with market forces, where ‘natural’ disasters such as FAMINE from pestilence, flood or drought had formerly posed the main problems.

In the THIRD WORLD, a process of substitution of cash crops for others has been associated with processes of MODERNIZATION or DEPENDENCY and is often under the influence of foreign markets and foreign corporations. However, in Third World countries, with the growth of URBANIZATION, internal markets are often just as important. Whilst in some cases it is possible to see the substitution of some crops for others, e.g. carnations and coffee for maize and beans in Colombia, at other times the same crop may be both a subsistence and a cash crop, e.g. rice in many Asian countries. In this case, the process of movement to cash cropping may involve fewer varieties of crops being grown, having a similar effect of forcing the producer into the market to buy food previously grown for subsistence. See also SUBSISTENCE ECONOMY OR SOCIETY.

References in periodicals archive ?
The report says the Lao PDRs ongoing constructions of the cross-border railway project and hydropower projects including the Xayabouri hydropower project, stimulated economic activities, an increased investment in special and specific economic zones by additional 50 companies in the first half of the year, and a surge in cash crop production and exports will drive further economic growth in 2017.
To try and counteract this, the project is working with commercial farmers, and Ugandan-based organisations Kyoga Youth and Women Community Enterprise, to engage with local communities and help develop a potential alternative to the growing of the usual cash crops.
If you select a rotational plan with cash crops, you can select the cover crop required to work well with that particular crop.
In this study, two agricultural counties were selected in each state, and the potential for winter rye cover crop adoption was estimated based on cash crop rotation and tillage systems.
They found that those at highest risk were farmers who grow cash crops such as coffee and cotton; those with "marginal' farms of less than one hectare; and those with debts of 300 rupees or more.
It's a long time to tie up the land, so Peter Bottoms is exploring woodland cash crops.
Sunflower, sesame and other oil crops are cash crops, having good prices in the international market, Katib Shams told Pajhwok Afghan News.
Challenges include the tendency to focus on cash crops instead of food.
Accompanying Appsas idyllic depiction of rural life is a chaotic, colorful history of con artists and cash crops gone bust.
Is it really economically better than some of the other cash crops farmers in less economically developed countries are tempted to grow?
Grace Helen Mowat and the Making of Cottage Craft tells of how one woman looked upon traditional rural crafts as cash crops for the farm women of Charlotte County, New Brunswick, back in 1911.