cash crop

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cash crop

any agricultural crop grown for the market rather than for subsistence.

Historically, the increasing importance of production for markets – including such phenomena as PLANTATION agriculture, AGRIBUSINESS, MONOCULTURE – is a central feature of social and economic development with very wide implications, including changes in LAND TENURE and forms of labour. As well as whatever new opportunities production for market brings, it also introduces into previously largely subsistence PEASANT economies new uncertainties and disruptions associated with market forces, where ‘natural’ disasters such as FAMINE from pestilence, flood or drought had formerly posed the main problems.

In the THIRD WORLD, a process of substitution of cash crops for others has been associated with processes of MODERNIZATION or DEPENDENCY and is often under the influence of foreign markets and foreign corporations. However, in Third World countries, with the growth of URBANIZATION, internal markets are often just as important. Whilst in some cases it is possible to see the substitution of some crops for others, e.g. carnations and coffee for maize and beans in Colombia, at other times the same crop may be both a subsistence and a cash crop, e.g. rice in many Asian countries. In this case, the process of movement to cash cropping may involve fewer varieties of crops being grown, having a similar effect of forcing the producer into the market to buy food previously grown for subsistence. See also SUBSISTENCE ECONOMY OR SOCIETY.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Suppressed, of course, is the information that vitamin A disappeared from their diets when diverse Indian fields were transformed into monocultures and cashcrops during the "Green Revolution" (an earlier phase of the move by transnationals into India agriculture, made attractive by the promise of higher yields).
Unlike in Kinshasa, businesses are permitted to make transactions in hard currencies, the only constraint being that taxes derived from the export of cashcrops or minerals must similarly be paid in hard currency.
The lavouras xerofilas are indeed "cashcrops" for export, as well as valuable raw materials suitable for diverse uses.
Withcardamom and other cashcrops' season at its peak,the people are said tobe engaged in the fieldsaccording to the farmerswhich resulted in skippingpublic meetings and thecampaigns.Today most of thefarmers are busy with cardamom and paddyweeding works which theyfeel is more importantthan attending the publicmeetings.