cashew

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Related to Cashewnut: cashew apple

cashew

(kăsh`o͞o, kəsho͞o`), tropical American tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the family Anacardiaceae (sumacsumac
or sumach
, common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap.
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 family), valued chiefly for the cashew nut of commerce. The tree's acrid sap is used in making a varnish that protects woodwork and books from insects. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and has a double shell. The kernel or cashew nut, which is sweet, oily, and nutritious, is much used for food in the tropics after being roasted to destroy the caustic juice. It yields a light-colored oil said to be the equal of olive oil and is utilized in various culinary ways. In the West Indies it is used to flavor wine, particularly Madeira, and is imported into Great Britain for this purpose. The nut grows on the end of a fleshy, pear-shaped stalk, called the cashew apple, which is white, yellow, or red, juicy and slightly acid, and is eaten, used for juice, and fermented to make an alcoholic beverage. Cashews are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

Cashew

 

(Anacardium occidentale), a tree up to 12 m tall of the family Anacardiaceae. It is cultivated in the tropics. The shell of the nutlike fruit yields cashew oil, which is used in medicine; there is also an edible nucleus. The pear-shaped peduncle, known as the cashew apple, has a pleasant bittersweet taste, is rich in vitamin C, and is valued as a fruit. A gum is made from the trunks of old cashew trees. Articles made from cashew wood are resistant to decay.

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Kazhu, akazhu: Anacardium occidentale L.” Subtropicheskie kul’tury, 1959, no 1.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskie zemledelie. Moscow, 1968. Pages 417–19.

cashew

[′kash·ü]
(botany)
Anacardium occidentale. An evergreen tree of the order Sapindales grown for its kidney-shaped edible nuts and resinous oil.

cashew

1. a tropical American anacardiaceous evergreen tree, Anacardium occidentale, bearing kidney-shaped nuts that protrude from a fleshy receptacle
2. the edible nut of this tree
References in periodicals archive ?
Cashewnut that is also known by its traditional name caju, belongs to the tree cashew, that is an averaged sized tree inhabitant to Brazil s Amazon drizzle forest which broaden all over the world by Portuguese expeditors.
He also promised to revive cashewnut processing factory that stalled almost 10 years ago in the county through a partnership with the county government of Kwale.
Price: OMR 3.100 Also Try: Malai korma which is a smooth creamy and refined curry made of chicken, yoghurt, fresh cream and a paste of watermelon seeds along with spices and a paste of cashewnut and charmagaz seeds.
OMR 4.5 Main Course The Oak Chicken Cashewnut Sliced chicken tossed with oyster, Thai chilli paste, and cashewnuts is an absolute cracker of a dish as the soft crunch of cashews pairs perfectly well with the tender chicken pieces tossed well in the sauces.
Ingredients 1kg mutton or lamb diced 1 cup yoghurt 2 tablespoon oil 6 green cardamoms 2 inch cinnamon sticks 6 cloves 2 medium to large onion, thin sliced 2 inch ginger (julienne) 1 teaspoon white pepper powder 1/2 cup milk and little extra to soak the saffron if using 3 tablespoon coconut (paste or shredded) Blanched almonds paste (made by soaking 8 almonds and grinding) Cashewnut paste (made by soaking 8/10 cashews and grinding) 3 pod garlic paste Pinch of saffron (optional) 6-8 whole red chillies deseeded Preparation Boil the mutton or lamb with little salt until half done.