Casimir


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Casimir

 

(Kazimierz). In Poland:

Casimir I the Restorer. Born July 25, 1016; died Oct. 24 (or Nov. 28), 1058. Prince of the Piast dynasty; ruled from 1038 or 1039. Aided by the German emperor Henry III, Casimir I ascended the throne at a time of declining central authority and of a widespread antifeudal peasant movement (1037–38). He pursued a policy of unifying the Polish lands. With the support of Kievan Rus’, with which he concluded an alliance about 1039, he obtained the return of Mazovia in 1047; in 1054 he acquired Silesia. Casimir helped to consolidate in Poland a church hierarchy independent of the higher German clergy.

Casimir II the Just. Born 1138; died May 5, 1194. Prince from 1177.

Casimir HI the Great. Born Apr. 30, 1310, in the village Kowal, now in Bydgoszcz Wojewóztwo; died Nov. 5, 1370, in Kraków. King from 1333; last king of the Piast dynasty.

Casimir III promulgated the Wiślica and Piotrków Statutes in 1346–47, establishing in Poland a limited monarchy. He introduced independent higher courts of German law and forbade Polish cities to carry their judicial appeals to foreign countries. He carried out a monetary reform between 1337 and 1346 that brought about price stabilization and promoted the development of trade. Casimir III ended the struggle with the Teutonic Order by ceding Eastern Pomerania to it. He regained Kujawy for Poland in 1343. With the assistance of Hungary and Bohemia he seized Galician Rus’ between 1349 and 1352 and subsequently annexed part of Volynia. Under Casimir III, the University of Kraków was founded (1364).

REFERENCES

Borawska, D. Kryzys monarchii wczesnopiastowskiej w latach trzydziestych XI w. Warsaw, 1964.
Sieradzki, J. Polska wieku XIV: Stadium z czasow Kazimierza Wielkiego.
Warsaw, 1959.
References in classic literature ?
"That may be; but you know how it was decided for Casimir Perier as to age; and as to worldly possessions, des Lupeaulx does possess something,--not much, it is true, but the law does not take into account increase, which he may very well obtain; commissions have wide margins for the deputies of the Centre, you know, and we cannot openly oppose the good-will that is shown to this dear friend."
US Revolutionary War hero Casimir Pulaski was awoman or intersex, according to a documentary due to be broadcast onMonday.
Also, Casimir Lindholm was appointed as Eltel's new president and CEO, effective 1 September 2018.
Revolutionary Lives: Constance and Casimir Markievicz.
Greek gymnasts Eleftherios Petrounias and Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Japanese athletes Kazuma Kaya and Fuya Maeno, Chinese athlete Sang Lan, Turkish gymnast Ibrahim Colak, gymnast from the Netherlands Casimir Schmidt and Belarusian gymnast Ilya Yakovlev have reached the finals of the competitions.
In these cases the image of the energy-Casimir mapping EC = (H, C), where H is the Hamiltonian and C is a Casimir function, is a closed subset of [R.sup.2], namely, the convex hull of the images of the stable equilibrium points through EC Furthermore, the images of the equilibrium points through the energy-Casimir mapping give an algebraic partition of the set Im(EC), and the orbits of these systems are bounded.
This phenomenon, known as Casimir Effect, was first predicted by the Dutch physicist Hendrick Casimir in 1948, and was first measured in 1996.
In truth, Casimir Dunin Markievicz (1874-1932) receives comparatively light coverage in this joint biography, as perhaps was his due: Their partnership was never balanced in terms of historical or cultural import.
Arrington presents readers with a comprehensive examination of the lives and political work of Irish revolutionary nationalist Constance Markievicz and her husband, Polish noble, painter, soldier, playwright, and director Casimir Dunin Markievicz.
Danielson: Paul Doherty, Shannon Madden, Carly Quinn (NHS) (Father Casimir Kuckell Memorial Silver Bowl Award), Ian Waldron.
The Casimir force calculation of various geometries and materials has been a topic of great recent interest.