Casimir III

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Casimir III,

1310–70, king of Poland (1333–70), son of Ladislaus ILadislaus I,
1260–1333, duke (1306–20) and later king (1320–33) of Poland; called Ladislaus the Short. He restored the Polish kingdom, which had been partitioned since 1138 (see Piast).
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 and last of the PiastPiast
, 1st dynasty of Polish dukes and kings. Its name was derived from that of its legendary ancestor, a simple peasant. The first historic member, Duke Mieszko I (reigned 962–92), began the unification of Poland and introduced Christianity.
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 dynasty. Called Casimir the Great, he brought comparative peace to Poland. By the Congress of Visegrad (1335) he promised to recognize the suzerainty over Silesia of John of Luxemburg, king of Bohemia; in return John renounced all claim to the Polish throne. In 1339, Casimir officially acknowledged John's power. By the Treaty of Kalisz (1343) with the Teutonic KnightsTeutonic Knights
or Teutonic Order
, German military religious order founded (1190–91) during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade. It was originally known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem.
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, Casimir consolidated his territories, and later he acquired much of the duchy of Halych-Vladmir. He strengthened the royal power at the expense of the nobility and clergy; codified Polish law in the Statute of Wislica, alleviating the lot of the peasants (hence he was "king of the peasants"); improved the condition of the Jews; encouraged industry, commerce, and agriculture; and founded (1364) the Univ. of Kraków. Casimir was succeeded by his Angevin nephew, King Louis ILouis I
or Louis the Great,
1326–82, king of Hungary (1342–82) and of Poland (1370–82). He succeeded his father, Charles I, in Hungary, and his uncle, Casimir III, in Poland.
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 of Hungary.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It was followed by two tragedies after the Greek pattern, Klatwa (1899; "The Malediction") and Sedziowie (1900; "The Judges"), and Kazimierz Wielki (1900; "Casimir the Great"), a poem on patriotic themes.
Name of Jewish banker of famed wealth who served as banker to three Polish kings (Casimir the Great, Ludwik I the Great, 1326-1382, and Wladyslaw Jagiello): Lewko son of Jordan, who leased from the king the Krakow national mint and salt mines in Wieliczka and Bochnia, and was also tax collector for the city of Krakow.
In the 14th century, King Casimir the Great extended laws recognizing Jews as a distinct legal, national, religious and cultural Judeo-Germanic language group.
On the contrary: From the 14th century, when large numbers of Jews began to settle in Poland at the invitation of Casimir the Great, until 1939, when the Holocaust killed 90 percent of the country's 3.5 million Jews, it was clear to Jews and Poles alike that they were two very different peoples who happened to share the same piece of territory.
It describes the history of the university from the times of Casimir the Great in 1364 to the refoundation of 1400, the relationship between the school and the city of Cracow, the school's personnel, the role of the university in the national life of Poland, and the productivity and contributions of the faculty of arts, medicine, law, and theology, as well as the question of humanism in the city and the growth of the university library.