Caspian Seal


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caspian Seal

 

(Phoca caspica), a mammal of the family Phocidae of the order Pinnipedia. It measures 120–148 cm long and weighs 30–60 kg. The color of the body varies highly with each individual and changes with age: from white in the newborn to yellow and grayish brown with brown and dark spots in the adults. The Caspian seal lives only in the Caspian Sea. In the fall it migrates to the northern part of the sea where it gathers in large numbers on ice (breeding ground), gives birth, and molts. In the spring it returns to the south. It feeds primarily on trash fish. The Caspian seal is important in the seal-hunting industry (its fur, hide, and fat are used). Because of unrestrained trapping (about 100, 000 animals per year), its numbers have declined. There are an estimated 600, 000 seals remaining (1970).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Its status as the area's top predator has not stopped the endangered Caspian seal's numbers from plummeting.
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IN DANGER SUMATRAN ORANG-UTAN; IN DANGER FISHING CAT; IN DANGER GREY-FACED SENGI; IN DANGER IBERIAN LYNX; IN DANGER WESTERN GORILLA; IN DANGER CASPIAN SEAL; IN DANGER TASMANIAN DEVIL
Species such as the Tasmanian devil, the Caspian seal and south-east Asia's fishing cat are among those to see their fortunes plummet and are now among the 450 mammals listed as endangered.
The Tasmanian devil, the Caspian seal and Southeast Asia's fishing cat havealso seen their fortunes plummet, and are now among the 450 mammals listed as endangered.
A BAN on hunting the Caspian seal is needed to halt massive declines in numbers of the endangered mammal, scientists urged today.