Caspians


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caspians

 

tribes of the Ibero-Caucasian group who inhabited the steppe regions of eastern Azerbaijan. They were first mentioned by Herodotus in the fifth century B.c. Their chief occupation was nomadic stock raising. Later (before the first century B.c.), the Caspians merged with the Medes, Albani, and other tribes. The tribes’ name was given to the Caspian Sea as well as to one of the regions of ancient Azerbaijan—Caspiana.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
It is even probable that a sixth current existed at one time or another in the Northern Indian Ocean, when the Caspian and Aral Seas formed but one vast sheet of water.
From Surat we see him going over to Australia, and in 1845 participating in Captain Sturt's expedition, which had been sent out to explore the new Caspian Sea, supposed to exist in the centre of New Holland.
Fortunately for the daroga, a corpse, half-eaten by the birds of prey, was found on the shore of the Caspian Sea, and was taken for Erik's body, because the daroga's friends had dressed the remains in clothing that belonged to Erik.
The streams, however, on the east side do not flow to the Atlantic, but into an elevated district, in the middle of which there is a large saline, or salt lake; thus forming a little Caspian Sea at the height, perhaps, of ten thousand feet.
Each at the Head Level'd his deadly aime; thir fatall hands No second stroke intend, and such a frown Each cast at th' other, as when two black Clouds With Heav'ns Artillery fraught, come rattling on Over the CASPIAN, then stand front to front Hov'ring a space, till Winds the signal blow To joyn thir dark Encounter in mid air: So frownd the mighty Combatants, that Hell Grew darker at thir frown, so matcht they stood; For never but once more was either like To meet so great a foe: and now great deeds Had been achiev'd, whereof all Hell had rung, Had not the Snakie Sorceress that sat Fast by Hell Gate, and kept the fatal Key, Ris'n, and with hideous outcry rush'd between.
The number of surviving Caspian horses in Iran is still quite small, but the overall number of registered Persian Caspians worldwide is estimated at 1,300 mainly in the US, UK, Germany and Australia.
Remains of the oldest known Caspian horse, often called the "Kings' horse" due to its popularity among Iranian royals, have been unearthed in northern Iran, according to Iran's Cultural Heritage News agency.
The Caspian seal is one of the smallest members of the earless seal family and unique in that it is found exclusively in the brackish Caspian Sea.
In winter, and cooler parts of the spring and autumn season, these marine mammals populate the Northern Caspian. As the ice melts in the warmer season, they can be found, as well as the southern latitudes of the Caspian where cooler waters can be found due to greater depth.
It's the story of Caspian Arms and the dream of its founder, Cal Foster.
Cal and his brother brainstormed over a name for Cal's company and settled on Caspian Arms Limited, since it spelled out his name, had a nice ring, and incorporated the name of a pristine lake not far from his Vermont factory.
The meeting of governments and related ministries of the Caspian region, sessions of the representatives of business and expert circles, press conferences, introduction of investment projects of the Caspian states, cultural and industrial facilities of Astrakhan have been scheduled within the two-day conference.