cassava

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cassava

(kəsä`və) or

manioc

(măn`ēŏk), name for many species of the genus Manihot of the family Euphorbiaceae (spurgespurge
, common name for members of the Euphorbiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of greatly varied structure and almost cosmopolitan distribution, although most species are tropical. In the United States the family is most common in the Southeast.
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 family). The roots, which resemble sweet potatoes and are eaten in much the same way, yield cassava starch, a staple food in the tropics. The cassava is native to Amazonia and has long been cultivated there by the indigenous population. It is now a major food source in many parts of the moist lowland tropics, particularly in Africa. Most cassava flour is made from M. esculenta, sometimes called bitter cassava because of the presence in the raw roots of prussic acid in sufficient quantities to be deadly. This poison is dispelled by long cooking or (for flour) pressing. Some cultivated varieties with a lesser acid content, called sweet cassava, are edible raw as well as boiled and can be used for fodder. It is important to process cassava as quickly as possible after harvesting; enzymes in the root will cause deterioration of the final product if processing is not completed within 48 hours. Cassava roots are also fermented to make an alcoholic beverage, are the source of tapiocatapioca
, widely used starchy food, obtained from the fleshy root of the bitter cassava. Tapioca is sold in flake or flour form and as the pellet pearl tapioca. Tapioca flour is widely used in place of wheat flour in regions where it is grown, e.g.
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, or Brazilian arrowroot, and are utilized in other ways, e.g., for cotton sizing and laundry starch. Cassava is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Euphorbiales, family Euphorbiaceae.

cassava

[kə′sav·ə]
(botany)
Manihot esculenta. A shrubby perennial plant grown for its starchy, edible tuberous roots. Also known as manihot; manioc.

cassava

any tropical euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, esp the widely cultivated American species M. esculenta (or utilissima) (bitter cassava) and M. dulcis (sweet cassava)
References in periodicals archive ?
Digestible and metabolizable energy concentrations in copra meal, palm kernel meal, and cassava root fed to growing pigs.
Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the potential of the use of EPNs as control agents of cassava root mealybug, Dysmicoccus sp.
Cassava root husks were later sieved in sieves of different particle sizes, and the powder fraction comprehended between 63 um and 75 urn was chosen to perform the adsorption experiments.
The Asian continent is the biggestimporter of cassava roots with 6.
Utilization of this waste water to serve as inoculum for cassava root fermentation revealed a faster growth rate with resultant increase in microbial biomass and overall microbial activity.
The cassava root tuber is highly perishable and the postharvest shelf life is about 24-48 h (Asaoka et al.
Cassava starch was extracted in laboratory according to the literature: (4) Cassava roots were washed, peeled, milled, sieved and the mash was washed.
The chemical composition and true metabolisable energy content of cassava root meal imported into Northern Ireland.
Add jerk chicken, call a loo (which is like spinach) and cassava root vegetables, all spiced up with a little scotch bonnet pepper, and you're really cooking Caribbean style.
In Trinidad and Tobago, the Company has been involved with a project to train and support 37farmers from La Brea Village, Mayaro in the cultivation of the cassava root crop.