Cassivellaunus


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Cassivellaunus

(kă'sĭvĭlô`nəs), fl. 54 B.C., British chieftain, a leader in the resistance against the invasion of Julius Caesar in 54 B.C. Caesar crossed the Thames River into Cassivellaunus's home country. Aided by discontented British tribes, he attacked Cassivellaunus in his strong fort in the marshes (probably at Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire) and drove the Britons out with heavy losses. Cassivellaunus sued for peace, which Caesar granted in return for hostages and an annual tribute.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The wording of lines 48.6, 8 - "natiue soyle" "forreine spoyle" - seems to derive from John Higgins's Mirror for Magistrates, where Higgins's "Irenglas" declares his patriotism; "At all assayes, to saue my natiue soyle: / (With all my labour, trauayle, payne, and toyle) / Both from the force of foes, and forayne spoyle" (221).(12) "Irenglas" is Geoffrey's Hirelgdas, nephew of King Cassivellaunus, and killed at the hands of Androgeus's kinsman Cuelinus; Androgeus's apostacy resulted from his support of Cuelinus in spite of the angered Cassivellaunus (314).
He survives by being identified with Caesar's Mandubracius, young leader of the Trinovantes, who sought Caesar's protection from Cassivellaunus, who had slain Mandubracius's father (259, 263).
The poet makes the first such allusion with his treatment of King Cassivellaunus - "Cassibalane" (stanza 47) - the hero who resisted Caesar's invasions.