cast-iron architecture

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cast-iron architecture,

a term used to designate buildings that incorporate cast iron for structural and/or decorative purposes. After 1800 cast-iron supports were exploited as an alternative to masonry, and with the introduction of wrought-iron beams at mid-century, an efficient, prefabricated method of skeletal construction was possible, of which the most notable example was Joseph Paxton's Crystal PalaceCrystal Palace,
building designed by Sir Joseph Paxton and erected in Hyde Park, London, for the Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1854 it was removed to Sydenham, where, until its damage by fire in 1936, it housed a museum of sculpture, pictures, and architecture and was used for
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 (1851) in London. Iron and glass canopies were used to cover such diverse structures as shopping arcades, library reading rooms, and the vast new railway terminals. In the United States, James BogardusBogardus, James
, 1800–1874, American architect, b. Catskill, N.Y. Among the first to use cast iron in the construction of building facades, Bogardus was noted for his commercial building designs in New York City.
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 pioneered the use of cast-iron commercial facades, which combined utility with the easy replication of attenuated classical orders in repeated bays.
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Cast-iron architecture

Buildings originally designed to emulate stone buildings in Renaissance style designs. They eventually developed a recognizable style of their own. They housed manufacturing companies who have since vanished, leaving large uninterrupted spaces with heavy timber and iron construction in its wake. Many have now been converted to living lofts above commercial stores.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

cast-iron architecture

In building construction, cast iron used in combination with wrought iron for the framing of commercial buildings and for the components of cast-iron fronts; used primarily before the advent of steel-frame construction. Usually characterized by: prefabricated cast-iron components, repetitive modules, and large windows, in contrast to earlier masonry façades in which large windows were impractical because they weakened the wall into which they were set.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: The typical cast iron architecture of the SoHo neighborhood of New York is shown.
The design offers a contemporary interpretation of the SoHo neighborhood's cast iron architecture, articulating traditional characteristics such as uniform composition, column and spandrel vocabulary, and prefabricated construction in a highly modern tone.
Among the greatest examples of 19th-century cast iron architecture, Watson's Hotel in Mumbai has been recognised as a structural precursor to the modern skyscraper.
"Cast iron architecture was just coming into vogue," said Mark Demsky, AIA, architect for Dental Associates.
The rhetoric of immunity and contagion that was central to Modernist purity surfaced with a vengeance within a community well served by its history of self-protection and preservation (with the help of the Friends of Cast Iron Architecture) to discriminate and exclude the wrong kind of outsider.
Though in use since the late 18th century, cast iron architecture reached new levels of beauty and scope in the 1840s, when many of England's most iconic conservatories were built.
"The building is one of the most magnificent examples of cast iron architecture in Manhattan.
Designed by Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects, the extraordinary facade of this two building residential enclave is a dazzling interpretation of the strength and simplicity of the neighborhood's classic cast iron architecture. Its meticulous composition of stone, metal, and three types of glass--clear, frosted and fritted--is a modern tribute to Soho's distinctive character that gives a shimmering sense of depth and texture to the building's exterior.
Itzhaki, "The seller was very pleased to be able to trade these properties swiftly, at a price commensurate with today's pricing, especially selling it to a buyer who so reveres the neighborhood and wishes to preserve the landmarked 19th century cast iron architecture indicative of this part of SoHo.
In 1978, Margot Gayle, president of the Friends of Cast Iron Architecture, gave an award to 23rd Street Properties for Cohen's careful restoration of the building's cast-iron facade.
A magnificent two-building, mixed-use property at 72-76 Greene Street in SoHo, an ideal example of late 19th century cast iron architecture, has just been sold to Red Brick Properties, Inc., led by David S.
building and a classic example of late-19th century cast iron architecture. USM always admired the building and liked it so much they stopped looking at other space as soon as it became available.