Çatalhöyük

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Related to Catalhoyuk: Jericho

Çatalhöyük

(chätäal`höyük`) or

Çatalhüyük

(–hü–), Neolithic settlement on the Konya Plain in S Turkey that flourished c.6500–c.5800 B.C. The site, first excavated (1961–65) by British archaeologist James Mellaart, occupies 32 acres (12.8 hectares) and is divided into 12 horizons (levels of development). Perhaps the largest Neolithic settlement known, the community had as many as 8,000 inhabitants and has been studied intensively for clues to early religious and social development. Layer upon layer of painted murals, consisting of animal and geometric images painted on plaster, decorate the walls of the site's houses. Çatalhöyük was first thought to have depended on agriculture and a developing practice of cattle raising, but British archaeologist Ian Hodder, who has excavated there since 1993, has suggested that its development predates agriculture and that the site was most likely settled for religious and artistic rather than economic reasons, i.e., because of its closeness to the clays used to create its plaster-based murals.
References in periodicals archive ?
The shape of these injuries indicates they may have been caused by hard clay balls found at Catalhoyuk that researchers suspect were used as projectiles from a sling weapon
Her journey begins in Anatolia, where she visits Catalhoyuk, one of the world's earliest settlements, which is believed to have held some surprising ideas about gender.
Mortimore JL, Marshall LJR, Almond MJ, Hollins P, Matthews W (2004) Analysis of red and yellow ochre samples from Clearwell Caves and Catalhoyuk by vibrational spectroscopy and other techniques.
For example, he begins with Catalhoyuk in Anatolia, Turkey, a Neolithic settlement going back to 6500 BC, and ends with Angkor Thom in Cambodia.
Towards reflexive method in archaeology: the example at Catalhoyuk. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research,.
The social life of bone: a preliminary assessment of bone tool manufacture and discard at Catalhoyuk.--Crafting Bone: Skeletal Technologies through Time and Space.
They include the major mining sites of Walonia, Belgium, decorated farmhouses of Halsingland, Sweden, Neolithic site of Catalhoyuk, Turkey, lakes of Ounianga, Chad, Sangha Trinational, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Chengjiang Fossil site, China and Western Ghats, India.
The leopard's tale; revealing the mysteries of Catalhoyuk. (reprint, 2006)
In Turkey's Catalhoyuk, at least, it seems that people did not live in families.