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Catamarca(kätämär`kä), city (1991 pop. 110,489), capital of Catamarca prov., NW Argentina. It is an agricultural and mining center located in a valley that produces wine, cotton, alfalfa, cereal, and livestock. Woolen panchos are manufactured there. Founded in 1683, Catamarca has a 17th-century Franciscan monastery and a church that is a pilgrimage site and a national monument. Tourists are attracted by the area's mineral springs.
a province in northwestern Argentina. Area, 99, 800 sq km. Population, 172, 000 (1970). Administrative center, the city of Catamarca. Most of the territory is occupied bymountains (reaching a height of 6, 880 m). Livestock is pastured(sheep, goats, llamas, alpacas, and vicunas). There is viticultureon the irrigated lands in the foothills. Industry (for the most part, the processing of agricultural products and leather) is represented basically by cottage enterprises.
a city in northwestern Argentina, located in thefoothills of the Andes. Administrative center of CatamarcaProvince. Population, 46, 000 (1960). Railroad station. Theeconomy is basically agricultural and includes processing grapesfor wine and home processing of wool and vicuna to make textiles and ponchos, the national costume.