Catawba


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Related to Catawba: Catawba River, Catawba County

Catawba,

river, N.C. and S.C.: see WatereeWateree
, river, c.395 mi (635 km) long, rising in the Blue Ridge, W N.C., as the Catawba River and flowing E past Hickory and then S past Charlotte into central N S.C. (becoming the Wateree below Great Falls) to the Congaree, which it joins to form the Santee SE of Columbia.
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.

Catawba

(kətô`bə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They have for centuries occupied a region in South Carolina around the Catawba River; they are noted for their ancient traditional pottery, which they still produce. Once a large and powerful group, they waged incessant but unsuccessful war against the Cherokee and tribes of the Ohio River valley. Fighting and European-introduced smallpox reduced them to a small group in the 18th cent. In 1962 the Catawbas' relationship with the federal government was terminated; in 1993, however, tribal status was restored and their reservation enlarged. Tribal headquarters are at Rock Hill, S.C. In 1990 there were close to 1,000 Catawba in the United States. The last speaker of Catawba died in 1996.

Bibliography

See D. S. Brown, The Catawba Indians (1966); C. M. Hudson, The Catawba Nation (1970).

Catawba

grape grown in the eastern U.S., producing a medium-dry white wine. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
See: Wine
References in periodicals archive ?
Between the school actively helping me find a job, and just being able to say I go to Catawba Valley Community College, there are a lot of doors open to me that might not be open otherwise.
ReVenture Park[TM] is an ambitious plan to transform a former 667 acre Superfund Site along the Catawba River in Charlotte, NC into the region's largest Eco-Industrial Park.
While compensation will vary by position, average salaries for the new jobs associated with the One NC grant are expected to be $47,840, above the Catawba Countys current average annual wage of $39,780.
Kevin Loftin Riverfront Park $100,000 to complete the park along the Catawba River in Gaston County, providing river access and recreational and environmental education opportunities.
Notes: A pre-bid conference will be held on February 11, 2016 at 10:00 AM at Catawba County Government Center (100A South West Boulevard Newton, North Carolina 28658.