Catawba

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Catawba,

river, N.C. and S.C.: see WatereeWateree
, river, c.395 mi (635 km) long, rising in the Blue Ridge, W N.C., as the Catawba River and flowing E past Hickory and then S past Charlotte into central N S.C. (becoming the Wateree below Great Falls) to the Congaree, which it joins to form the Santee SE of Columbia.
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.

Catawba

(kətô`bə), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They have for centuries occupied a region in South Carolina around the Catawba River; they are noted for their ancient traditional pottery, which they still produce. Once a large and powerful group, they waged incessant but unsuccessful war against the Cherokee and tribes of the Ohio River valley. Fighting and European-introduced smallpox reduced them to a small group in the 18th cent. In 1962 the Catawbas' relationship with the federal government was terminated; in 1993, however, tribal status was restored and their reservation enlarged. Tribal headquarters are at Rock Hill, S.C. In 1990 there were close to 1,000 Catawba in the United States. The last speaker of Catawba died in 1996.

Bibliography

See D. S. Brown, The Catawba Indians (1966); C. M. Hudson, The Catawba Nation (1970).

Catawba

grape grown in the eastern U.S., producing a medium-dry white wine. [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
See: Wine
References in periodicals archive ?
The CommScope coaxial cable produced in Catawba would later help change the face of the cable television industry.
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10) Merrell's research on the Piedmont region reveals how visitations of smallpox and other Old-World diseases decimated individual tribes throughout the Piedmont, forcing them to join one another and eventually become identified as the Catawba.
We were ready to file suit against 63,000 defendants, trespassers on Catawba land," says attorney Jay Bender, who represents the Catawbas.
Not all the Catawbas, of course, live on the reservation, which stretches along the cliffs of the Catawba River in eastern-most York County and looks more like a series of hardscrabble farms than a community.
Most importantly, the Catawbas depicted European towns as squares, communities very different from "circle" Indian towns, whereas the Chickasaws depicted both Indian and European communities as circles, probably implying that their relationships with both were reciprocal.
Those who formerly spoke Sewee, Wateree, and Waxhaw or Ibo, Hausa, and Kongo had to learn Catawba, Gullah, and English in order to survive in their new worlds.
This characterization would best seem to fit the early twentieth-century situation for groups like the Poarch Creeks, the Lumbees, the Virginia Indians, the so-called Houmas, the Low-country South Carolina groups, and even to a considerable extent the Catawbas and Tunica-Biloxis.
Though Spratt got along well with his Catawba neighbors, he soon began selling parcels of the land the Catawbas had leased him to other non-Indians.
Worse, the editors mistakenly place the Catawbas in Virginia, not in South Carolina (p.
Merrell, The Indians' New World: Catawbas and their neighbors from European Contract through the Era of Removal (Chapel Hill : University or North Carolina Press, 1989); Danie H.
The Catawba tribal membership is dependent upon descendency from a tribal member listed on the 1961 Federal Roll ["Catawba Tribe Approves Settlement with South Carolina," NARF [Native American Rights Fund] Legal Review (Winter/Spring 1993): 3].