Catharanthus roseus


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Catharanthus roseus

[‚kath·ə‚ran·thəs ′rō·zē·əs]
(botany)
The Madagascar periwinkle plant from which the anticancer compounds vinblastine and vincristine are derived.
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Catharanthus roseus has been reported as a natural host for phytoplasmas groups 16SrI, 16SrIII, 16SrIX, 16SrXV, 16SrXIII, in North and South America, and the Caribbean islands, but not from the Central American region (Lee et al., 1998b; Lee, Davis, & Gundersen-Rindall, 2000; Montano, Dally, Davis, Pimentel, & Brioso, 2001b; Torres, Galdeano, Docampo, & Conci, 2004; Duduk, Mejia, Calari, & Bertaccini, 2008; Barbosa, Eckstein, Bergamin Filho, Bedendo, & Kitajima, 2012; Galdeano, Guzman, Fernandez, & Conci, 2013; Dumonceaux, Green, Hammond, Perez, & Olivier, 2014; Caicedo, Rivera-Vargas, Segarra, & Davis, 2015; Davis, Harrison, Zhao, Wei, & Dally, 2016; Perez-Lopez, LunaRodriguez, Olivier, & Dumonceaux, 2016a).
The experiment used seedlings of 'Boa noite' (Catharanthus roseus), white color, with 45 days of age, which were transplanted to 7 L pots filled with substrate made by a mixture of arisco (fine sand-sized particles used in constructions) + earthworm humus, at proportion of 2:1.
Patharajan, "In-vitro antimicrobial and antifungal activity of Catharanthus roseus leaves extract against important pathogenic organisms," Academic Sciences, vol.
Catharanthus roseus is a novel plant, belongs to Apocynaceae which is very much famous for treatment of cancer and leukemia.
Calcium chloride effects on salinity-induced oxidative stress, proline metabolism and indole alkaloid accumulation in Catharanthus roseus. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 330(9): 674-683.
Although the following species are recognized as herbal medicines, they also have other applications: Acacia karroo (browse, firewood), Agave americana (live fence), Catharanthus roseus (ornamental), Centella coriacea Nannf.
Medicinal plant name Isolated compounds (structures are shown in Figure 1) Taxus baccata Cabazitaxel Colchium autumnale Colchicine (autumn crocus) Combretum caffrum Combretastatin Taxus species Docetaxol Glycyrrhiza uralensis Isoliquiritigenin Needles of yew trees Larotaxel Taxus baccata Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllotoxin Podophyllum emodi Taxus brevifolia Paclitaxel Polygonum roots, Peanut Resveratrol seeds, Berries and grapes Broussonetia papyrifera 2S-abyssinone II Verubulin Catharanthus roseus Vinblastine G.