Catherine de Médicis

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Catherine de Médicis


Born Apr. 13, 1519, in Florence; died Jan. 5, 1589, in Blois. French queen.

In 1533, Catherine, a member of the Medici family of Florence, married Henry II, who reigned as king of France from 1547 to 1559. During the reigns of her sons Francis II (from 1559 to 1560), Charles IX (from 1560 to 1574), and Henry III (from 1574 to 1589), she determined state policy to a considerable extent. During the religious wars she sought to bar the nobles from running the affairs of state. Catherine was maneuvering in her policy-making. In 1570 she insisted on the conclusion of the Treaty of St. Germain with the Huguenots. However, in 1572, fearing the increased power of the Huguenots and especially the strength of their leader Coligny’s influence on Charles IX, Catherine was one of the principal organizers of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew.


Castelnau, J. Catherine de Médicis (1519–1589). Paris [1954].
Héritier, J. Catherine de Médicis. Paris [1959].
References in periodicals archive ?
This compact volume will be ideal for use in class readings or for a scholar new to the study of Catherine de Medicis, best known as a French consort, sometime regent, and queen mother, who dominated courtly life in France for much of the late sixteenth century.
2) In this case, I argue that Shakespeare's Tamora powerfully evokes the Catherine de Medicis understood by popular and political discourse in late Elizabethan England as well as the Catherine de Medicis represented in two pre-texts or co-texts: Anne Dowriche's narrative poem, The French History, and Christopher Marlowe's play, The Massacre at Paris.
2005), Le haut coeur de Catherine de Medicis, Paris: Bibliotheque Albin Michel.
It was Catherine de Medicis who set the pattern for subsequent regencies; she fostered the maternal image and took pains to emphasize the fact that it was the king who reigned.
Stangerup tries to present Christine as one of several powerful women monarchs--along with Catherine de Medicis, Elizabeth I, and the sovereigns of the Netherlands--who are meant to characterize the time.
What country's crown jewels did Catherine de Medicis recover from her husband's mistress after he had given them to her as a gift?
Lors du "grand voyage", Catherine de Medicis se deplace dans un coche tire par six chevaux.
He was even commissioned by Catherine de Medicis, queen of France, to design the decoration of a grotto, a cave-like setting that was a place of amusement and contemplation, for her private garden.
Additional factors were the economic importance of Lyon, with its strong commercial links to Italian states, and perhaps most importantly, the regency from 1560 of Catherine de Medicis, which attracted significant numbers of Italians to the Court.
I am disappointed by the lost opportunity on Galloway's part to explore the palimpsest, Cassie and Rona in Chenonceau against the undershadow of Diane de Poitiers and Catherine de Medicis - particularly since the Scottish soldiers of Mary Stuart, bride of Catherine's son, Francois II, were quartered here.
The daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medicis, Margaret played a secondary part in the prevailing wars between Roman Catholics and Protestants from the moment she took her place at court in 1569.
The glorious reign of Francis I was followed by the rule of four ineffective kings (Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III), the last three more or less subservient to their mother, Catherine de Medicis.