Index Librorum Prohibitorum

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Index Librorum Prohibitorum


(Index of Forbidden Books), an official list, published by the Vatican, of books which the Catholic Church forbade its members to read upon threat of excommunication.

The Index was first issued as directed by Pope Paul IV in 1559. It was reissued more than 40 times (the latest edition dates from 1948), and during this process it was systematically enlarged.

The Index listed many of the finest creations of human thought, such as the works of G. Bruno, T. Hobbes, and Voltaire. In.the hands of the Catholic Church the Index was one of the means used in the struggle against science, as well as against progressive and revolutionary views. In 1966 publication of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum in its previous form was ceased. At the same time the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and conferences of bishops were charged with the task of keeping track of new editions of books and with warning church members against reading books not approved by the church.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Index librorum prohibitorum

list of forbidden books compiled by Roman Catholic Church. [Christian Hist.: NCE, 1323]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pasolini did a Marxist version; Zeffirelli did a Sunday-school documentary; and Scorsese used Kazantzakis' existential novel--a book on the Catholic Index of Prohibited Books--to make "The Last Temptation of Christ," a remarkable but anti-Church telling of the Christ story.
The second-century Eastern Greek satirist Lucian mentions in a lampoon on the charlatan Peregrinus who had exploited the kindly generosity of the Christians that these latter worshipped "the crucified sophist." Lucian was emphatically not a friendly witness: his mockeries of Christianity earned him a reputation in Byzantium as the Anti-Christ and a place on the first edition of the Catholic Index of Forbidden Books.
This practice caused his writings to be placed on the Roman Catholic Index libroram prohibitorum ("Index of Forbidden Books") in 1654.

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