Catholicos


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Catholicos

 

the title of the head of the Armenian (since 363), Georgian (since 475), and Caucasian Albanian (since 552) churches.

The Armenian catholicos became the primate of the merged Albanian and Armenian churches; he now bears the title of supreme patriarch and catholicos of all the Armenians and has his residence in Echmiadzin (in the Armenian SSR). Subordinate to him is the Armenian catholicos of Cilicia, as well as the Armenian patriarchs of Jerusalem and Constantinople. Beginning in 475 the head of the Georgian church bore the title of catholicos of Kartli; later (beginning in the 17th century) he was called catholicos of all Georgia. Between 1811 and 1917 there was no catholicos in Georgia; the office was restored in 1917, with the residence in Tbilisi. The title of catholicos is also borne by the head of the Monophysite Church; in addition there is a catholicos of the Armenian Catholics (residence in Beirut).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Catholicos asserted that the steadfastness of Syria's people, the sacrifices of its army, and the wisdom of its leadership will doubtlessly result in victory and eliminating terrorism.
In an open letter to the Catholicos, the Armenians expressed outrage at the demonstration of the present while a significant part of the populationin the country isstarving.
In fact, the action of Bishop Thimothios and Catholicos Thomas demonstrate that the Jacobite Syrian heads at least are not living in the dark ages.
During his entire adult life, and particularly during his tenure as Catholicos (1166-1173), Nerses worked tirelessly in discussions and negotiations toward union with the Greek, Latin, and Syrian churches, a task that seemed on the verge of success when death overtook him.
15-21); a discussion of the sources on the major players (the Catholicos Nerses IV the Gracious on one side and the Patriarch Michael III Anchialus of Constantinople and the emperor Manuel I Comnenos on the other) (pp.
The Catholicos thanked Kuwaiti leadership and people for their good hosting
His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of the Armenian Catholicosate of Cilicia, said, "Human beings have no right to possess and master creation," and called for "a new economic paradigm ...
At a historic summit in Baku attended by religious leaders from around the world, including Catholicos Garegin II, head of the Armenian Apostolic Church, calls for a peaceful solution have emerged.
The House President will also be received by the Patriarch - Catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia Aram A', who will honor Garoyian with the Order of the Knight of Cilicia, and will host a lunch in his honor.
"in spite of the significant growth of Muslim-Christian dialogue and relations, Muslims and Christians continue to misconstrue each other's religion," Catholicos Aram I of the Armenian Apostolic Church, a former WCC moderator, told the consultation in a keynote address.
He is Metropolitan Major Archbishop of Trivandrum Archdiocese and Catholicos of Syro Malankara Catholic Church.
Timothy I of Baghdad (780-823), the East Syrian (Nestorian) Catholicos of Baghdad, saw Gregory as their most useful theologian.