Cato Maximilian Guldberg

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guldberg, Cato Maximilian


Born Aug. 11, 1836, in Christiania; died Jan. 14, 1902, in Oslo. Norwegian mathematician and physical chemist.

Beginning in 1869, Guldberg was a professor of applied mathematics at the university in Christiania (now Oslo). Together with P. Waage (1864–67), Guldberg discovered the law of mass action. In 1870 he proposed the principle of dynamic equilibrium for the special case of the dependence of solubility on pressure.


Thermodynamische Abhandlungen Über Molekulartheorie und chemische Gleichgewichte (1867–1872). Leipzig, 1903. (Ostwald’s Klassiker der exakten Wissenschaften, no. 139.)
In Russian translation:
Issledovaniia sil khimicheskogo srodstva. Kharkov, 1892. (With P. Waage.)


Kipnis, A. Ia. “Gul’dberg i ego vklad v razvitie fizicheskoi khimii.” In the collection Ocherki po istorii khimii. Moscow, 1963. Pages 329–69. (Contains a list of Guldberg’s works.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.