Cato Maximilian Guldberg

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Guldberg, Cato Maximilian


Born Aug. 11, 1836, in Christiania; died Jan. 14, 1902, in Oslo. Norwegian mathematician and physical chemist.

Beginning in 1869, Guldberg was a professor of applied mathematics at the university in Christiania (now Oslo). Together with P. Waage (1864–67), Guldberg discovered the law of mass action. In 1870 he proposed the principle of dynamic equilibrium for the special case of the dependence of solubility on pressure.


Thermodynamische Abhandlungen Über Molekulartheorie und chemische Gleichgewichte (1867–1872). Leipzig, 1903. (Ostwald’s Klassiker der exakten Wissenschaften, no. 139.)
In Russian translation:
Issledovaniia sil khimicheskogo srodstva. Kharkov, 1892. (With P. Waage.)


Kipnis, A. Ia. “Gul’dberg i ego vklad v razvitie fizicheskoi khimii.” In the collection Ocherki po istorii khimii. Moscow, 1963. Pages 329–69. (Contains a list of Guldberg’s works.)