Catullus

(redirected from Catulle)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Catullus

(Caius Valerius Catullus) (kətŭl`əs), 84? B.C.–54? B.C., Roman poet, b. Verona. Of a well-to-do family, he went c.62 B.C. to Rome. He fell deeply in love, probably with Clodia, sister of Cicero's opponent Publius Clodius. She was suspected of murdering her husband. Catullus wrote to his beloved, addressed as Lesbia (to recall Sappho of Lesbos), a series of superb little poems that run from early passion and tenderness to the hatred and disillusionment that overwhelmed him after his mistress was faithless. Of the 116 extant poems attributed to him, three (18–20) are almost certainly spurious. They include, besides the Lesbia poems, poems to his young friend Juventius; epigrams, ranging from the genial to the obscenely derisive; elegies; a few long poems, notably "Attis" and a nuptial poem honoring Thetis and Peleus; and various short pieces. His satire is vigorous and flexible, his light poems joyful and full-bodied. He was influenced by the Alexandrians and drew much on the Greeks for form and meter, but his genius outran all models. Catullus is one of the greatest lyric poets of all time. Two of his most popular poems are the 10-line poem, touching and simple, which ends, "frater ave atque vale" [hail, brother, and farewell], and "On the Death of Lesbia's Sparrow."

Bibliography

See translations by R. Myers and R. J. Ormsby (1970), C. Martin (1990), and P. Green (2005); studies by A. L. Wheeler (1934, repr. 1964), T. Frank (1928, repr. 1965), K. Quinn (1959, 1970, and 1972), R. Jenkyns (1982), T. P. Wiseman (1985), J. Ferguson (1988), and C. Martin (1992).

Catullus

Gaius Valerius . ?84--?54 bc, Roman lyric poet, noted particularly for his love poems
References in periodicals archive ?
Catulle Mendes los publica aun mas pequenos: sus colecciones de versos son preciosos ramitos para el ojal (15).
Madame Judith Gautier, daughter of the novelist and poet, Theophile Gautier, and at one time wife of the late Catulle Mendes, has been elected to the Goncourt Academy of Letters.
Louis Laloy, La musique retrouvee 1902-1927 (Paris: Librairie Plon, 1928), 121: "Ce n'est pas le hasard qui, des son retour de Rome, lui avait fait rechercher, seul de ses camarades, l'elite des ecrivains, consulter par exemple Henri de Regnier, qui me l'a raconte depuis, sur son texte des Proses lyriques, quand Catulle Mendes etait la, tout pret a l'entreprendre.
63) I am narrativising and thus, to some extent, simplifying; the break with biography was not instantaneous (for instance Bardon's 1970 book Propositions sur Catulle focusses on sincerity).
Seguindo nesta trilha, a Republica positivista e seus defensores encontraram na poeta Jane Catulle Mendes, uma outra fervorosa defensora da urbe carioca, como pode ser conferido em sua obra Ville Marveilleuse de 1912.
Indeed, throughout his life he encountered many prominent political and cultural figures, a number of whom make cameo appearances in this biography; these include Jules Massenet, Marcel Proust, Alphonse Daudet, Pierre Loti, Sarah Bernhardt, Sacha Guitry, Catulle Mendes, King Edward VII and his wife Queen Alexandra, Pauline Viardot, and Jean Cocteau.
Iriamos a Paris, seriamos amigos de Armand Silvestre, de Daudet, de Catulle Mendes [.
9) As Frazier indicates, so much of Moore's poetic writing during the period was part of the tutelage of the artist-in-waiting: "He followed Lopez's curriculum for writing outrageous Baudelairean verse, took his weekly tutorial from Mallarme, and apparently aped the mannerisms of Catulle Mendes, doing his best to be a satanic, superaesthetic, and sophisticated poet" (p.
26) With this address to pulcher Iule, Ovid, who pays homage to docte Catulle (learned Catullus) at line 62 of this lament for Tibullus, may also allude to the earlier marriage of Fulvia, mother of his contemporary Iullus, to Publius Clodius Pulcher.
Unlike the achievement, in 1898, of the first prize in the poetic competition in the Samedis Populaires organized by Gustave Kahn and Catulle Mendes, which Marinetti identified as the moment of international recognition and consecration of his talent, and which he was fond of recollecting with some choice embellishments, (2) the publication of his first poem is described as having come about almost by chance, on the advice of Emilio Gavirati, an acquaintance from the Circolo Filologico in Milan.
Sus ojos largos, humedos y oblicuos, tienen cierta tristeza, ni la voz melancolica alcanzan a denotar; son ojos palidos, como era palida la sonrisa de aquella heroina de Catulle Mendes, con la palidez en el dibujo y no en el color.
Mendes, Catulle (1871) Les 73 journees de la Commune (du 18 mars au 29 mai 1871).