Cauca


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Cauca

(kou`kä), river, c.800 mi (1,290 km) long, rising in the Cordillera Central, near Popayán, W Colombia. It flows north in a rift valley between the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Occidental to the Magdalena River. It is navigable in its lower course and drains a fertile valley; coffee is the chief crop. The valley has many minerals including gold. There is a river-control and utilization scheme on the upper Cauca.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cauca

 

a department in southwestern Colombia. To the westis the Pacific Ocean, and in the east lie the Cordillera Occidentaland the Cordillera Central. Area, 30, 500 sq km. Population, 711,000 (1971). The administrative center is Popayan. Theeconomy is based on livestock raising and tropical farming(coffee, cacao, sugarcane, rice, cotton). Ceramics, leather goods, and textiles are produced, and there is also lumbering and sulfurextraction.


Cauca

 

a river in Colombia, a left tributary of the MagdalenaRiver. It is 1, 350 km long (according to other data, 1, 050 kmlong) and drains an area of about 80, 000 sq km. The Cauca risesin the southern part of the Cordillera Central and then quicklydescends into a broad (up to 46 km) and deep rift valley betweenthe Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Occidental. Rapidsalternate with quietly flowing stretches. On leaving the moun-tains, the Cauca spreads out over the Caribbean lowlands, form-ing branches and lakes. Flooding occurs in the spring andautumn, and the average annual discharge is about 2, 000 cu mper sec. The river is navigable for about 600 km, from Cali toCartago and from Antioquia to the mouth.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cauca

a river in W Colombia, rising in the northwest and flowing north to the Magdalena River. Length: about 1350 km (840 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It is for this reason that the governor of Cauca, the communal administrations of Algeria, Caldono, Buenos Aires, Miranda, and Bandera de Patia, the Committee of the coffee growers of Cauca, and members of the Cooperative and of the Colombian Association of small producers, Ascafe, are participating in this project that expects to plant 550 hectares of coffee.
However, due to recent pest outbreaks of stem borers in sugarcane crops, especially in the northern Cauca River Valley (Vargas et al.