To find this ratio, Seidl and Klose [15] converted the Cauchy-Riemann equations into a set of two Laplace equations and proposed an iterative procedure with a finite difference solution.

In this paper, by applying the rectangular properties of the transformed region and the Cauchy-Riemann equations, the derivatives and the Jacobian determinants of the transformation can be evaluated on the boundaries.

Based on the Cauchy-Riemann equations, the forward conformal transformation, from the physical domain (x-y coordinates) to the computational domain ([xi]-[eta] coordinates), can be reduced to a problem governed by two Laplace equations:

Leonhard Euler's identity, the Pythagorean identity and the

Cauchy-Riemann equations were the formula most consistently rated as beautiful.

The formulae most consistently rated as beautiful (both before and during the scans) were Leonhard Euler's identity, the Pythagorean identity and the

Cauchy-Riemann equations.

This is well defined using the

Cauchy-Riemann equations for the coordinate interchanges.

In other words, the

Cauchy-Riemann equations need not to be satisfied, so the functions need not to be analytic (Duren, 2004).

He starts with

Cauchy-Riemann equations in the introduction, then proceeds to power series, results on holomorphic functions, logarithms, winding numbers, Couchy's theorem, counting zeros and the open mapping theorem, Eulers formula for sin(z), inverses of holomorphic maps, conformal mappings, normal families and the Riemann mapping theorem, harmonic functions, simply connected open sets, Runge's theorem and the Mittag-Leffler theorem, the Weierstrass factorization theorem, Caratheodory's theorem, analytic continuation, orientation, the modular function, and the promised Picard theorems.

the generalized

Cauchy-Riemann equations contain 2-spinor and C-gauge structures, and their integrability conditions take the form of Maxwell and Yang-Mills equations.

For instance, the

Cauchy-Riemann equations, which specify the regularity conditions for a complex-valued function to be analytic (expressible as a power series), generalize to the Lanczos equations in Minkowski spacetime, and then generalize further to the Nijenhuis tensor equations for holomorphic functions in n-dimensional space.

In the complex case, the Cauchy-Riemann equations express the vanishing of one of the coefficients in the formula

Then one looks for other type of decompositions, where the Cauchy-Riemann equations nevertheless express the vanishing of some particular term.