Caupolicán

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Caupolicán

Caupolicán (kouˌpōlĭkänˈ), d. 1558, leader of the Araucanians who fiercely resisted the Spanish conquest of Chile. He attempted to carry on the reconquest begun by Lautaro and won a victory over the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. After a heroic but futile battle to keep the Spanish from recapturing Concepción, Caupolicán was forced to retreat into the forest. There he was surprised, captured, tortured, and killed. His fame rests partly on La Araucana, the epic poem of Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caupolicán

 

Date of birth unknown; died 1558 in Cañete. A military leader of the Araucanians.

In 1552, Caupolicán united separate groups of Indians in southern Chile in the struggle against the Spanish colonizers. The Araucanians, under the leadership of their chiefs, Caupolicán and Lautaro, staunchly resisted the colonialists. In 1558, Caupolicán was taken captive in the battle of Cañete and brutally killed. The Spanish poet Alonso de Ercilla y Zuñiga (1533–94), a participant in the subjugation of Chile, immortalized the heroic exploits and courage of Caupolicán in the epic poem La Araucana.

REFERENCE

Ercilla y Zuñiga, Alonso de. La Araucana. New York, 1902.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ruben Dario: el cosmopolitismo del pobre o el amuleto de Caupolican
Mucho antes de que en 1899 el celebre reclamo de Jose Enrique Rodo--"no es el poeta de America"--sellara la lista de misreadings indicadores de una discontinuidad en el siglo XIX latinoamericano, Ruben Dario ensaya en el poema "Caupolican" (1888) una articulacion entre lo autoctono y lo universal que perturba la tradicion romantica del viaje importador americano.
Sao elas: Caupolican, jefe de los Araucanos, prisionero de los espanoles, do frances Raymond Monvoisin (1790-1870)--que trabalhou por mais de uma decada no Chile--, datada de 1859; Os funerais de Atahualpa (2), do peruano Luis Montero (1826-1869), de 1867; O ultimo Tamoio (3), do brasileiro Rodolpho Amoedo (1857-1947), de 1883; e El suplicio de Cuauhtemoc (4), do mexicano Leandro Izaguirre, de 1893.