cause

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cause

1. 
a. a ground for legal action; matter giving rise to a lawsuit
b. the lawsuit itself
2. (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any of four requirements for a thing's coming to be, namely material (material cause), its nature (formal cause), an agent (efficient cause), and a purpose (final cause)

cause

any immediate, or more indirect, factor precipitating an outcome. See also CAUSALITY AND CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP.

Cause

 

a phenomenon that directly determines or gives rise to another phenomenon, the effect. In the real world all phenomena and processes are in a state of universal connection and interaction. The concept of “cause” presupposes the singling out of a particular group of phenomena or a system, within the framework of which a causal relation is established between particular phenomena and processes.

Every phenomenon is grounded in several others and is determined by them, its causes. In the process of cognition the researcher inevitably goes beyond the mere description of facts and turns to an investigation of the laws of their origin, development, and functioning, seeking the causes that determine the corresponding properties of a particular object. The movement of thought from description to causal explanation is the movement of cognition from outer to inner, from phenomenon to essence.

As the basis and essence of the effect, the cause functions as the originating and determining element in the relationship between phenomena. The interconnection and mutual conditioning of phenomena take an innumerable variety of forms. Accordingly, the types of causes are extremely diverse. In modern science causes are classified by the most varied criteria. Thus, depending on the nature of the causal relations, causes are classified as ideal and material, informational and energetic (energeticheskie), dynamic and statistical, simple and compound, single-factor and multiple-factor, systemic and nonsystemic, external and internal, primary and nonprimary, objective and subjective, and so on.

It is customary to distinguish the cause from the circumstances of its operation. In the social sciences, causes are distinguished from reasons—the processes contributing to the formation and manifestation of causes. Consideration of the diversity of phenomena gives rise to the conception of causality as a fundamental feature of reality.

I. I. LIAKHOV

cause

Actions, omissions, events, conditions, or a combination thereof, which led to the accident or incident investigation (ICAO).
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, the Third District Court of Appeal embraced Moransais in reversing a summary judgment and holding that the ELR does not bar a fiduciary duty claim nor can it eliminate legislatively created causes of action.
The new causes of action supplement other claims for Federal and State computer fraud and abuse laws, misappropriation of trade secrets, copyright infringement, trespass to chattels and detinue (wrongful taking of property belonging to another) that are already pending in SecureInfo's lawsuit.
The court acknowledged that three of the five previous causes of action had been dismissed by summary judgment.
Fitch does not view the causes of action as a major concern because TSRI is not a defendant and, furthermore, if the proposed site was not available, another site could be selected or TSRI could withdraw from the project.
At the news conference, Castelblanco announced that the lawsuit charges the ownership and management with 10 causes of action, including Breach of Warrant of Habitability, Tortuous Breach of Warranty of Habitability, Negligence, and Infliction of Emotional Distress.
On November 29, 2004, Micrel filed an amended complaint adding causes of action for alleged statutory and common law misappropriation of Micrel's trade secrets, alleged breach of confidentiality agreements by Messrs.
Plaintiffs' Complaint alleges causes of action under: (1) section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, (2) fraud and concealment, and (3) breach of fiduciary duty.
John Wypich, the President and CEO of Unisphere for wrongful dismissal, oppressive conduct and other causes of action.
Macalintal also cited inconsistencies in Marcos' claim in his three causes of action.
to determine for themselves what causes of action would be available to
In a 31-page opinion, Justice Saliann Scarpulla dismissed each of plaintiffs sixteen causes of action, including claims for fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, breach of contract, aiding and abetting fraud and breach of fiduciary duty, and declaratory relief.
The Court started its analysis from the fact that federal tort causes of action are ordinarily created by Congress, not by the courts.