Studies of Borghese and Barberini patronages have overshadowed the contribution that Aldobrandini made by supporting lesser artists, such as Cavaliere d'Arpino
, Giovanni and Cherubini Alberti, Domenico Passignano, Antonio Tempesta, Bernardo Castello, and other painters who, though much beneath the originality of Annibale Carracci and Caravaggio, remain nevertheless important.
'Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo: Italian Drawings from the Stadel Museum in Frankfurt (1430-1600)' (21 March-21 June) includes a range of preparatory drawings, studies and finished works, and stretches from spindly north Italian gothic standing figures to a louche reclining Narcissus by Cavaliere d'Arpino
. As ever, there will also be many fine Italian drawings on offer at the Salon itself: Pandora Old Masters brings a graceful profile of a woman (c.
In the Archangel Michael and the Rebel Angels by Cavaliere d'Arpino
this is shown as Michael watches over crowds of tumbling, naked, well-observed bodies, the devil and his followers descending into hell.
Guiseppe Cesari, Cavaliere d'Arpino
(1568-1640) amply recompensed, about fifty years later, for Lotto's sawn-off nude Muses with his Diana and Actaeon, sumptuously painted on copper.
Merisi Caravaggio's first job in Rome was in the studio of the painter Cavaliere d'Arpino
. The studio system was the inexpensive way for established artists to take on as many commissions as possible.
Baglione was along with Cavaliere d'Arpino
the most successful Roman painter in the first couple of decades of the seventeenth century.
Then there is the Cavaliere d'Arpino
, at the height of his success in 1600 and for a brief period Caravaggio's employer.
Famous in his own time, and knighted by the Aldobrandini Pope Clement VIII as Cavaliere d'Arpino
for his decorative work in St Peter's and the Lateran Baptistry, his brightness has been dimmed by the fame of the contemporaneous Bolognese School and that of Caravaggio, who was for a while his assistant, and to the end esteemed Cesari, taking hints from Cesari's Betrayal of Christ for his own version now in the Dublin National Gallery.
The next two rooms explore Raphael's responses to these new influences, both in the form of altarpieces such as the Ansidei Madonna and the Borghese Entombment--represented by an excellent copy by the Cavaliere d'Arpino
, supplemented by two of its three predella panels and a whole sequence of preliminary drawings and in the form of small-scale religious works for private devotion and a single portrait, the Borghese Lady with a unicorn, a work which never fails to disappoint and even disconcert me, not least because it is so spookily close in design to the peerless Maddalena Doni.
Because Barocci never finished the Fall of Manna to complement his Last Supper for Urbino's cathedral, he admitted that he would never be able to finish both the Presentation and the Coronation together, and the Fathers concluded that the commission for the latter work would be handed over to Giuseppe Cesari, the Cavaliere d'Arpino
. However, Cesari suffered the same delays and did not finish his contribution until 1615.
For instance, Cavaliere d'Arpino
(Italy), the filly Schwarzgold (Germany) and Windsor Slipper (Ireland) were big fish in small ponds.
On arrival in Rome at the age of twenty-one, Caravaggio, akeady expert in painting still-life, was employed by Pope Clement VIII's most favoured artist, Il Cavaliere d'Arpino
, to paint decorative swags of fruit and flowers.