Cavalli, Francesco

Cavalli, Francesco

 

(real name, Pietro Francesco Caletti). Born Feb. 14, 1602, in Crema; died Jan. 14, 1676, in Venice. Italian composer. Son and pupil of a cathedral choirmaster in Crema.

Cavalli completed his musical education in Venice, where he lived from 1616. In 1617 he became a singer (tenor), at St. Mark’s Basilica, and then its organist and conductor. He wrote church music (notably his Requiem), but basically he composed operas and was a leading master of the Venetian school. He wrote 42 operas, including The Marriage of Teti and Peleo (1639), Didone (1641), Jason (1649), Xerxes (1654), and Mutio Scevola (1665). Almost all his operas were commissioned by Venetian theaters.

REFERENCES

Kretzschmar, H. Istoriia opery. Leningrad, 1925. (Translated from German.)
Rolland, R. Opera v XVII veke v Italii, Germanii, Anglii. Moscow, 1931. (Translated from French.)
Prunières, H. Cavalli et l’opéra italien au XVII siècle. Paris, 1931.
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With: Beatrice Fazi, Anna Ammirati, Maddalena Maggi, Raffaella Ponzo, Valeria Cavalli, Francesco Venditti, Leonardo De Carmine, Ida Di Benedetto, Armando De Razza, Roberto Herlitzka, Susanna Marcomeni.
The composers responsible for the earliest operas included Francesco Manelli, Benedetto Ferrari, Francesco Cavalli, Francesco Sacrati and Claudio Monteverdi, nearly all of whom were involved, during this initial stage, in not only the composition but also the production of their works.