72) In a devastating "scorched earth" campaign, Sullivan's expedition severely punished the league's neutral nations of Senecas, Cayugas, Tuteloes, and Nanticokes.
In two detachments, one of six hundred men commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William Butler, and a second of two hundred men commanded by Colonel Henry Dearborn, they started out on September 20 to punish the Cayugas and associated nations.
76) In this campaign against the Cayugas, Tuteloes, and Nanticokes, General Sullivan reports:
81) In February 1780, now as enemies of the Americans, members of the Tutelo nation joined Hojiagede, or Fish Carrier, of the Cayugas to strike back.
In addition to Fish Carrier's eighty-eight Cayugas and Tederighroonoes (Tuteloes), it included Mohawks, Onondagas, Senecas, Delawares, and warriors from the villages of Onoquaga and Owego.
Amid the Sullivan Campaign, the Tuteloes, together with some Cayugas and the Nanticokes, were forced back to Niagara into British protection.
As a result the Great League was scattered about with the Mohawks permanently moving as a nation to Canada, as well as segments of the Cayugas and Onondagas following them shortly thereafter.
The Story of the Cayugas, 1609-1809 (Ithaca NY: DeWitt Historical Society of Tompkins County, 1966), 3:22-23, map.
General John Sullivan's Indian Expedition, 1779, cited in Wait and Heidt, Cayugas, 1609-1809, 3:70-71.
Lodge excerpt quoted from Wait and Heidt, Cayugas, 1609-1809, 3:70-71.
Washington quoted in Wait and Heidt, Cayugas, 1609-1809, 1:12-14.
John Van Sickle quoted in Wait and Heidt, Cayugas, 1609-1809, 1:12-14.