Caesar

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Caesar

(sē`zər), ancient Roman patrician family of the Julian gens. There are separate articles on its two most distinguished members, Julius CaesarCaesar, Julius
(Caius Julius Caesar), 100? B.C.–44 B.C., Roman statesman and general. Rise to Power

Although he was born into the Julian gens, one of the oldest patrician families in Rome, Caesar was always a member of the democratic or popular party.
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 and AugustusAugustus
, 63 B.C.–A.D. 14, first Roman emperor, a grandson of the sister of Julius Caesar. Named at first Caius Octavius, he became on adoption by the Julian gens (44 B.C.) Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian); Augustus was a title of honor granted (27 B.C.
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. Another distinguished member of the family was Lucius Julius Caesar, d. 87 B.C., consul (90 B.C.). He proposed a law extending Roman citizenship to Roman allies that had not joined in the Social War against Rome (90 B.C.). He was killed in the beginning of the civil war by partisans of MariusMarius, Caius
, c.157 B.C.–86 B.C., Roman general. A plebeian, he became tribune (119 B.C.) and praetor (115 B.C.) and was seven times consul. He served under Scipio Africanus Minor at Numantia and under Quintus Metellus against Jugurtha.
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. His brother Caius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus, d. 87 B.C., is mentioned as an orator in Cicero's De oratore. He was killed with his brother. His name also appears as Vopisius. The son of Lucius Julius Caesar, also named Lucius Julius Caesar, d. after 43 B.C., was one of Julius Caesar's legates in Gaul (52 B.C.). He accompanied the dictator into Italy during the civil war. After the assassination of Julius Caesar he was allied with Marc AntonyAntony
or Marc Antony,
Lat. Marcus Antonius, c.83 B.C.–30 B.C., Roman politican and soldier. He was of a distinguished family; his mother was a relative of Julius Caesar.
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, whose mother, Julia, was his sister. In 43 B.C. he and Antony fell out, and only the pleas of Julia to her son saved her brother in the proscription. When Octavius (later Augustus) was adopted (44 B.C.) into the Julian gens, he took the name Caesar. His successors as emperors took the name Caesar until HadrianHadrian
, A.D. 76–138, Roman emperor (117–138), b. Spain. His name in full was Publius Aelius Hadrianus. An orphan, he became the ward of Trajan. Hadrian distinguished himself as a commander (especially in Dacia) and as an administrator.
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, who kept the title Augustus for the emperor and allowed the heir apparent to be called Caesar. This became the custom afterward. The imperial use of the name Caesar was perpetuated in the German kaiser and the Russian czar.

Caesar

1
1. Gaius Julius . 100--44 bc, Roman general, statesman, and historian. He formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus (60), conquered Gaul (58--50), invaded Britain (55--54), mastered Italy (49), and defeated Pompey (46). As dictator of the Roman Empire (49--44) he destroyed the power of the corrupt Roman nobility. He also introduced the Julian calendar and planned further reforms, but fear of his sovereign power led to his assassination (44) by conspirators led by Marcus Brutus and Cassius Longinus
2. any Roman emperor
3. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
4. in the Roman Empire
a. a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
b. the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government

Caesar

2
1. any Roman emperor
2. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian
3. in the Roman Empire
a. a title borne by the imperial heir from the reign of Hadrian
b. the heir, deputy, and subordinate ruler to either of the two emperors under Diocletian's system of government
References in periodicals archive ?
Since its inception, 6,000 people have successfully completed the program, according to Ceasar.
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As a result, Ceasar and PC Drummond, 36, have been awarded Durham Police's John Turner trophy, presented each year for the best piece of work by a police dog, for the second year in a row.
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People are living on the brink of survival," Sudanese Bishop Ceasar Mazzolari told a donors meeting last week in Norway.
Ceasar put in a most impressive display to claim the seller.
He loves Ceasar dog food and gets chicken as a special treat.
Ka Amihan, spokesperson for New People's Army's Front 14, told the Philippine Daily Inquirer by phone that they found no sufficient evidence to investigate Carson Ceasar Lademora, prompting them to release him without going through the process of a third party facilitator done mostly with police and military captives.
Paul Nicholls has won two of the last eight runnings, but today's representative Ceasar Milan could have it all to do after being pulled up when tailed off at Stratford last month.
The signing ceremony had the presence of Science and Technology Secretary Mario Montejo and DOST Regional Director Julius Ceasar Sicat, City Planning and Development Officer Evelyn Cayat and City Engineer Leo Bernardez.
AT 28, ACTOR Jeremy Sisto has already portrayed two of the most influential men in history - Jesus and Ceasar.
Ka Ariel Montero, spokesperson of Regional Operational Command of the New People's Army's Northeastern Mindanao Region, said Carson Ceasar 'Abud' Lademora was taken by their comrades along with his aide Leonardo Cacao from his mine site in Sitio Sinug-ang in Rosario town.