Cecil John Rhodes


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Rhodes, Cecil John

 

Born July 5, 1853, in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire; died Mar. 26, 1902, in Muizenberg, Cape Colony. British colonial figure.

Rhodes was the inspirator and organizer of the seizure of enormous territories in southern and central Africa by the British South Africa Company in the 1880’s and 1890’s. Part of these territories formed a colony, which in 1895 was named Rhodesia in Rhodes’ honor. Rhodes was the founder and coowner of a number of South African diamond- and gold-mining companies. From 1890 to 1896 he was prime minister of the Cape Colony. He was forced to resign after the failure of an attempt to seize the Boer South African Republic. Rhodes was one of the initiators of the Boer War of 1899–1902.

References in periodicals archive ?
Considering both the relationship of Cecil John Rhodes, formerly Prime Minister of the Cape Colony and finally imperialist par excellence, with the architect Sir Herbert Baker and the relationship between Baker's monumental buildings in Pretoria and New Delhi, Metcalf earlier wrote in an article in History Today (1986:12):
Two pictures of the man were current in my youth: In the quasi-British atmosphere of my English-medium elementary school in Cape Town (in the fifties of the last century), the myth was propagated of Cecil John Rhodes (Fig.
In Chapter 7 of Rhodesia Accuses, Peck, who was also a politician, used the sarcastic headline: "The 'Sins' of the Rhodesians", which he defined as follows: "Cecil John Rhodes in 1898 laid down the principle of 'equal rights for all civilised men'; and ever since that time this has been the political philosophy of the Rhodesians."
"My friend," says the long-coated man, "this is the head-bone of Cecil John Rhodes. It has been in my family for many years but now I must sell it to raise money for my grandmother's operation.
To cheers and jeers, they dismantled and took down the campus statue of one of Africa's leading symbols of land and natural resources dispossession Cecil John Rhodes. His adventures or misadventures in search of African resources and wealth stretched across Southern Africa, leaving in their wake festering injustices still being felt to this day.
Before I go further, let me introduce Cecil John Rhodes, the man who had a country named after him in Southern Africa: Rhodesia, later renamed Zimbabwe at independence in 1980.
I admire the grandeur and loneliness of the Matopos in Rhodesia, and therefore I desire to be buried in the Matopos on the hill which I used to visit and which I called the 'View of the World' in a square to be cut in the rock on the top of the hill, covered in a plain brass plate with these words thereon: 'Here lie [sic] the remains of Cecil John Rhodes', and accordingly I direct my executors at the expense of my estate to take all steps and do alt things necessary or proper to give effect to this my desire, and afterwards to keep my grave in order at the expense of the Matopos and Bulawayo fund hereinafter mentioned."