Cecil John Rhodes

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Related to Cecil Rhodes: Boer War, Rhodesia, Shaka Zulu
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rhodes, Cecil John


Born July 5, 1853, in Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire; died Mar. 26, 1902, in Muizenberg, Cape Colony. British colonial figure.

Rhodes was the inspirator and organizer of the seizure of enormous territories in southern and central Africa by the British South Africa Company in the 1880’s and 1890’s. Part of these territories formed a colony, which in 1895 was named Rhodesia in Rhodes’ honor. Rhodes was the founder and coowner of a number of South African diamond- and gold-mining companies. From 1890 to 1896 he was prime minister of the Cape Colony. He was forced to resign after the failure of an attempt to seize the Boer South African Republic. Rhodes was one of the initiators of the Boer War of 1899–1902.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unfortunately Cecil Rhodes died before he saw his great dream realised.
It has focused on, first, a bronze statue of Cecil Rhodes at the University of Cape Town, unveiled in 1934, which became the focus of a student campaign, usefully summarised in a hashtag: #RhodesMustFall (Fig.
THE protesting privileged Oxford University students clamouring for the removal of Cecil Rhodes' statue should consider why it was initially erected.
It is no surprise that the territory was named after the guiding light of this large-scale desecration, Cecil Rhodes (whose will dictated that his fortune was to go to form a "secret society" to extend "British rule throughout the world").
"We're going to have our continental free trade area." British colonialist Cecil Rhodes originally dreamt of unifying Africa from 'Cape to Cairo' in the 19th Century under imperial rule from London -- a far cry for the diverse group of nations that will make up the Tripartite Free Trade Area.
As a result, according to the black students of the University of Cape Town (UCT), the contentious statue of Cecil Rhodes that used to sit, head in hand, looking out over the UCT's rugby grounds was a "symbol of white supremacy" that offended their sensibilities, and therefore they wanted it removed.
The black & white film presents a narrative of students from Cecil Rhodes School going to watch the royal procession.
De Beers, founded in 1888 by Cecil Rhodes, has been run by Oppenheimer family members or trusted associates since the late 1920s.
According to PAC, the recent theft of diamonds was ""the biggest plunder of diamonds since Cecil Rhodes."
Appollon, a historian, presents a biography of British imperialist Cecil Rhodes within historical context and in relation to how he represented the age of increased colonialism in the late nineteenth century.