Mahmud Celal Bayar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bayar, Mahmud Celal


Born May 15, 1884, in Umur-bey, Bursa vilayet. Turkish statesman. Active participant in the Kemalist revolution. He has occupied various governmental posts since 1920. Bayar was general director of the Commercial Bank during 1924–32, minister of national economy during 1932–37, and prime minister during 1937–39. In 1939 he joined the opposition to the governing Republican People’s Party; he participated in founding the Democratic Party (DP) in 1946 and was elected its chairman. After the DP’s victory in the May 1950 parliamentary elections, Bayar became president of the Turkish Republic. Together with Prime Minister A. Menderes and other DP leaders, Bayar was arrested during the May 27, 1960, army coup d’etat, tried, and sentenced to death in September 1961. His sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. In 1964 he was released from incarceration for reasons of health. His political rights were restored in 1969.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Manisa, Turkey
Celal Bayar Universitesikadin Calismalari Uygulamave Arastirma Merkezi.
The study was carried out in accordance with the principles of clinical research set forth in the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine.
(iD) Manisa Celal Bayar Universitesi Saglik Bilimleri Fakultesi Cerrahi Hastaliklari Hemsireligi Anabilim Dali, Manisa Yazisma Adresi / Address for Correspondence: Manisa Celal Bayar Universitesi Saglik Bilimleri Fakultesi, Cerrahi Hastaliklari Hemsireligi Anabilim Dali Uncubozkoy Saglik Yerleskesi (IIBF Eski Binasi) 45030 Yunusemre / Manisa Tel: 0 236 233 09 04 Faks: 0 236 233 71 69 e-posta:
Ethics Committee Approval: Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the Ethics Committee of Manisa Celal Bayar University School of Medicine (09.09.2015/20478486-349).
(2) Manisa Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Genetics, Manisa, Turkey
This study was conducted in Manisa Celal Bayar University Pediatric Endocrinology and Child Psychiatry Clinics.
Mustafa Kursat Evrenos, Merve Ozkaya Unsal, Yavuz Kegeci Manisa Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Manisa, Turkey
Funda Kosova, is Associate Professor, Health Science Faculty, Midwifery Department, Medical Biochemistry, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey.
Reviewed by Suhal Semsit, Manisa Celal Bayar University
Ethics Committee Approval: Ethics Committee Approval was granted by local ethics committee of Celal Bayar University Hospital.