Mahmud Celal Bayar

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Bayar, Mahmud Celal


Born May 15, 1884, in Umur-bey, Bursa vilayet. Turkish statesman. Active participant in the Kemalist revolution. He has occupied various governmental posts since 1920. Bayar was general director of the Commercial Bank during 1924–32, minister of national economy during 1932–37, and prime minister during 1937–39. In 1939 he joined the opposition to the governing Republican People’s Party; he participated in founding the Democratic Party (DP) in 1946 and was elected its chairman. After the DP’s victory in the May 1950 parliamentary elections, Bayar became president of the Turkish Republic. Together with Prime Minister A. Menderes and other DP leaders, Bayar was arrested during the May 27, 1960, army coup d’etat, tried, and sentenced to death in September 1961. His sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. In 1964 he was released from incarceration for reasons of health. His political rights were restored in 1969.

References in periodicals archive ?
The previous visit to Athens by Turkish President Celal Bayar took place in 1952.
Erdogan is scheduled to arrive in Greece on Thursday morning for a two-day official visit, the first by a Turkish head of state since that of Celal Bayar in 1952.
Celal Bayar was the last Turkish president to visit Greece, in 1952.
For the sample group of the study, patients who have been followed up in Manisa Celal Bayar University (CBU) Child Psychiatry Unit, their parents, and healthy volunteers were included.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Hafsa Sultan Hospital of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey, from September to November 2014, and comprised inpatients.
1) Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Manisa, Turkey
2) Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey
Ethics Committee Approval: The study was approved by the Celal Bayar University Local Ethics Committee (Approval number: 20478486-53), Informed Consent: Consent form was filled out by all participants.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey
The first time was in 1960, when a group of young officers rose up against prime minister Adnan Menderes and president Celal Bayar after they backtracked on reforms which had tried to modernise Turkey in the 20s and 30s.