Celastrus


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Celastrus

 

a genus of plants of the family Celastraceae. The plants are mostly usually twining, climbing, or prostrate shrubs with simple leaves. The small, inconspicuous flowers are five-parted and gathered in racemes, panicles, or small axillary clusters; rarely are the flowers solitary. The fruit is a three-valved capsule. The mature seeds are surrounded by a brightly colored fleshy aril that attracts birds.

There are more than 30 species, distributed in Asia, Australia, Madagascar, and Central and South America. The USSR has three Far Eastern species: C. orbiculata, a spreading or twining shrub reaching 10–15 m in length; C. flagellaris, a liana that measures 8–12 m in length and climbs trees by means of stipules converted into hooklike thorns; and C. strigillosus, a twining shrub. The plants are especially decorative in the fall owing to the bright color of their fruits; they are used as vertical ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Usenko, N. V. Derev’ia, kustarniki i liany Dal’nego Vostoka. Khabarovsk, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
(45) Celastrus paniculatus Total antioxidant capacity Willd.
The six tribal communities, namely, Malappandaran, Urali, Maya-arayan, Ulladan, Malavedan, and Malakurava of Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, India use several plant species like Asparagus racemosus, Celastrus paniculatus, Elaeagnus conferta, Flemingia strobilifera, Gouania microcarpa, Helicteres isora, Kunstleria keralensis, Myristica malabarica, and Sphenodesme involucrata for treatment of body pain [9].
Some Indian plants possessing allelochemicals are Pongamia glabra (Karani), Mathuca indica (Molarah), Schleicheria teijuga (Kusum), and Celastrus paniculatus (Malkanguni).
Purohit, "In vitro shoot bud differentiation and plantlet regeneration in Celastrus paniculatus Willd," Biologia Plantarum, vol.
Singh, "Mass multiplication of Celastrus paniculatus Willd--an important medicinal plant under in vitro conditions using nodal segments," Journal of American Science, vol.
Celastrus paniculatus seed water soluble extracts protect against glutamate toxicity in neuronal cultures from rat forebrain.
The formulation also contains Celastrus paniculata, Bacopa monnieri, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Withania somnifera and Centella asiatica.
An efficient micropropagation system for Celastrus paniculatus Wild.: a vulnerable medicinal plant.
1, 6, 15 Stellaria media (L.) Villars X CELASTRACEAE (Bittersweet Family) Celastrus scandens L.