Resting Potential

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resting potential

[′rest·iŋ pə‚ten·chəl]
The potential difference between the interior cytoplasm and the external aqueous medium of the living cell.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Potential, Resting


a potential difference between the contents of a cell or fiber and the extracellular fluid; the difference in potential is localized on the surface membrane. The membrane’s inner surface is charged electronegatively with respect to the outer surface.

Resting potential results from unequal concentrations of Na+, K+, and Cl- ions on both sides of the cell membrane and from the membrane’s unequal permeability to these ions. In nerve and muscle cells, resting potential helps keep the membrane’s molecular structure ready for excitation in response to stimulation. All influences on a cell causing a prolonged and stable decrease in action potential result in decreased cell excitability or in total loss of the cell’s capacity to generate action potential. Such influences include metabolic disturbance, increase in extracellular content of K+ ions, and the effect of a strong electric current.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When all-acidic and all-alkaline are used, the maximum power densities generated by the MLSCFC are 2.11 and 2.53 mW [cm.sup.-2,] respectively, both at a cell potential of about 0.5 V, whereas when an alkaline-acidic media is used, it results in a power density maximum of 18.96 mW [cm.sup.-2] at a cell potential of about 0.5 V.
The cell potential and current were measured with different external loads as a function of the flow velocity of fuel mixture.
For 100 % current efficiency ([phi] =1.0), the model matched the experimental cell potential at equilibrium but the predicted curve swings 5 % off the experimental curve in the middle of charging the V-RFB; this is the effect of the logarithmic function (Log10) in the Nernst equation.
Caption: Figure 5: Variation of half cell potentials of steel reinforcement in contaminated concrete in the absence (SAMPLE 1) and presence (SAMPLE 2) of SLS during 480 days.
At first, we conjectured that the pTF could maintain the stem cell potential of porcine SLCs when added to the culture medium.
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