While these Celtiberians could have been returned north from a campaign far to the south, they could just as easily have been campaigning against Lusitanian tribes on the border of Celtiberian lands much closer to their original homes.
For between two and three years the Cimbri must have devastated the province of Hispania Citerior and fought against the Celtiberians who finally forced their retreat from Iberia.
Neither the Romans nor the Numantines' fellow Celtiberians act upon the same values.
Based on the collective suicide of the Celtiberian city while under siege by the Romans in 133 B.C., the event is historically remote.
Birth and early career unknown; as praetor in Macedonia, he suppressed the revolt of Andriscus, pretender to the Macedonian throne, and made the country into a Roman province (149-148); attacked the Achaean League to avenge an insult to a Roman envoy at Corinth (Korinthos) (146); after a successful campaign, he returned to Rome where he was granted a triumph and awarded the honorific "Macedonicus" for his subjugation of Macedonia; elected consul (143), he subdued the Celtiberians
in northern Spain, except for the Numantines and the Termantines (143-142); politically moderate, he opposed Tiberius Sempronius Grachus, the controversial plebeian tribune (133); in concert with fellow censor, Q.
The historic identity of the people around the Irish sea is open to question, after decades of revisionist thought that the "Celts" did not exist, recent research has shown that the Gauls, Celtiberians
and other speakers of the "Celtic" languages, did call themselves "Keltoi", which is taken to mean "descendants of the Hidden One".
In a recent article I have argued that Iberia, the source of much of Rome's silver in this period, suffered a catastrophe because of the invasion of the Cimbri in 105/4 and a widespread uprising against Roman rule led by the Celtiberians
, and that peaceful conditions were only gradually restored, perhaps not before the end of the Social War.