Celtic Studies

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Celtic Studies


a group of sciences dealing with the culture, history, and language of the Celts. The founder of Celtic studies is considered to be the Welsh scholar E. Llwyd, whose Archaeologia Britannica appeared in 1707. Among 19th-century investigators of Celtic antiquities, particularly the La Tène culture, were the French historians J. Déchelette and C. Jullian; prominent 20th-century researchers include the Frenchmen H. Hubert and A. Grenier and the Czech J. Filip.

In 1853 the German scholar J. C. Zeuss published The Celtic Grammar. The comparative-historical approach to the study of the Celtic languages is best represented in the work of the Danish scholar H. Pedersen (1909–13) and the German R. Thurneysen (1909). Old Irish texts were published and studied by Thurneysen and by the Irish scholars O. Bergin and D. Binchy. A revised edition of Thurneysen’s grammar of Old Irish appeared in 1946. Material on contemporary Irish dialects is being collected, and synthesizing works are being published by such scholars as H. Wagner in Switzerland. The languages of the Brythonic branch have been thoroughly studied by the English scholar K. Jackson in his work on historical phonetics and morphology and by the French scholar L. Floriot in his dictionary and grammar of Old Breton.

Comprehensive dictionaries of the Irish language to the 19th century and of modern Welsh have also been published. The comprehensive work on Gaulish by the French scholar G. Dottin (1920) was followed by the studies of J. Vendryès in France, J. Whatmough in the USA, and E. Evans in Great Britain. In Celtic philology linguistic research is inseparable from the study of literature, history, and religion, as shown in the work of K. Jackson, the Irish scholars T. F. O’Rahilly and J. Carney, and the Norwegian researcher M.-L. Sjoestedt.


Filip, J. Kel’tskaia tsivilizatsiia i ee nasledie. Prague, 1961.
Pokorny, J. Keltologie. Bern, 1953.
Rees, A., and B. Rees. Celtic Heritage. London, 1961.
Sjoestedt, M.-L. Gods and Heroes of the Celts. London, 1949.
Thurneysen, R. Keltischen Sprachen: Geschichte der indo-germanischen Sprachwissenschaft, vol. 1. Strasbourg, 1916.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among them, Dr Gareth Evans Jones, a former undergraduate and doctoral student at the School of Welsh and Celtic Studies and now lecturer in Philosophy and Religion in the School of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences.
Editorial Note: Hannah Whittock has an Master's Degree in Philosophy from Cambridge in Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic studies. She has co-written three books on Viking and Anglo-Saxon history and has written journal articles on Anglo-Saxon frontiers and coinage produced during the Viking Wars.
This work presents results from a research program based in the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies at Aberystwyth, in collaboration with the School of Archaeology at the University of Oxford.
Michael, who lived in Glasgow and Edinburgh from 1992 to 1999, got a PhD in Celtic Studies in December 1998.
Alys Williams, 18, from Penylan, achieved A* in Welsh and As in history and chemistry at Cardiff High School and is now off to read Anglo-Saxon, Nordic and Celtic Studies at Christ's College, Cambridge.
The website was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, following a successful project led by Bangor University and including the University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies working alongside the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales and Visit Wales.
"Their travel writing, published in travelogues, guidebooks, diaries and letters, has been brought together by Bangor University, the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies (CAWCS) and Swansea University under the recent European Travellers to Wales project, allowing a new understanding of how Wales was viewed by travellers from the European mainland."
There was no fannying around with American Studies, Celtic Studies or, indeed, anything with Studies on the end, all of which you could learn by reading a good book on the subject, which might take a week instead of three years (and the same goes for English tbh).
Both the School of Art and the Department of Welsh & Celtic Studies were given ratings of 100 per cent, with almost every other department scoring more than 90 per cent for overall satisfaction.
Miss Johnson has a degree in Art Practice with an emphasis in Celtic Studies from the University of California at Berkeley.