Celtic Studies

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Celtic Studies


a group of sciences dealing with the culture, history, and language of the Celts. The founder of Celtic studies is considered to be the Welsh scholar E. Llwyd, whose Archaeologia Britannica appeared in 1707. Among 19th-century investigators of Celtic antiquities, particularly the La Tène culture, were the French historians J. Déchelette and C. Jullian; prominent 20th-century researchers include the Frenchmen H. Hubert and A. Grenier and the Czech J. Filip.

In 1853 the German scholar J. C. Zeuss published The Celtic Grammar. The comparative-historical approach to the study of the Celtic languages is best represented in the work of the Danish scholar H. Pedersen (1909–13) and the German R. Thurneysen (1909). Old Irish texts were published and studied by Thurneysen and by the Irish scholars O. Bergin and D. Binchy. A revised edition of Thurneysen’s grammar of Old Irish appeared in 1946. Material on contemporary Irish dialects is being collected, and synthesizing works are being published by such scholars as H. Wagner in Switzerland. The languages of the Brythonic branch have been thoroughly studied by the English scholar K. Jackson in his work on historical phonetics and morphology and by the French scholar L. Floriot in his dictionary and grammar of Old Breton.

Comprehensive dictionaries of the Irish language to the 19th century and of modern Welsh have also been published. The comprehensive work on Gaulish by the French scholar G. Dottin (1920) was followed by the studies of J. Vendryès in France, J. Whatmough in the USA, and E. Evans in Great Britain. In Celtic philology linguistic research is inseparable from the study of literature, history, and religion, as shown in the work of K. Jackson, the Irish scholars T. F. O’Rahilly and J. Carney, and the Norwegian researcher M.-L. Sjoestedt.


Filip, J. Kel’tskaia tsivilizatsiia i ee nasledie. Prague, 1961.
Pokorny, J. Keltologie. Bern, 1953.
Rees, A., and B. Rees. Celtic Heritage. London, 1961.
Sjoestedt, M.-L. Gods and Heroes of the Celts. London, 1949.
Thurneysen, R. Keltischen Sprachen: Geschichte der indo-germanischen Sprachwissenschaft, vol. 1. Strasbourg, 1916.


References in periodicals archive ?
The academic, whose research on the migration was recently presented as a keynote lecture at a Celtic Studies conference in California, added: "John Mills went on promoting the idea after the settlement was established in Patagonia and he may have been a lone voice at that point, but there was certainly considerable interest still in his proposal.
This edition of the Celtic Studies Association of North America's Yearbook explores the relationship between law and literature and discuss what each can do for the study of the other in medieval Celtic studies.
It is also responsible for facilities on a university-wide basis and for the University Press, Gregynog the study and conference centre, the Board of Celtic Studies and the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies.
Rhodri Morgan, who is Chancellor of Swansea University, has launched the George Abbey Fund which will run as an endowment fund, designed to support students studying in subjects that will include science, engineering and the arts, particularly Celtic studies.
He works at the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies at Aberystwyth university.
As the University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies prepares to embark on two major research projects funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council, the public benefit of the new research has been essential to project planning from the outset.
Plans are now afoot to establish a residential National Druid Centre and School of Celtic Studies at a location in northern Anglesey which at the moment is being kept under wraps.
Approaches to religion and mythology in Celtic studies.
And there the detailed study of Llyn Cerrig Bach largely rested until 1994 when, funded by the Board of Celtic Studies, Philip Macdonald was employed to produce a catalogue of the copper alloy objects.
The international scholars, who are experts in Celtic studies, Irish history, literature, archaeology and anthropology, sent a petition to the Government in April calling on it to re-route the motorway.
Their presence on the executive committee helped draw people from literature, Celtic studies, and the social sciences.