Celtic art


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Celtic art

(kĕl`tĭk, sĕl`–). The earliest clearly Celtic style in art was developed in S Germany and E France by tribal artisans of the mid- to late 5th cent. B.C. With the dispersal of Celtic tribes during the next five centuries, their characteristically sophisticated designs were spread throughout Europe and the British Isles. Although some classical influence was evident in Celtic work, most of the complex, linear, highly ornamented pieces that survive reveal an inspiration of great originality and power. Stylized and fantastic plant and animal forms, as well as strong, geometrical, intertwining patterns, decorated the surfaces of household and ritual vessels, weapons, and body ornaments. The principal materials used in the surviving pieces of metalwork, most numerous of the remains, are gold and bronze. Some painted ceramics and enamel work survive as well from the early period. Frequently, Greek-inspired arabesque motifs were modeled in low relief. Artisans of the British Isles adapted Celtic design in the 3d cent. B.C., producing distinctive, vigorous works that soon owed little to Continental originals. Asymmetrical line engraving gained ascendancy in the 1st cent. B.C. for decorated weaponry and utensils. Two hundred years later Roman influence had effectively overwhelmed Celtic styles, although typical motifs were retained well into the medieval period. Numerous first-rate examples of Celtic craftsmanship may be seen at the British Museum.

Bibliography

See E. M. Jope and P. Jacobsthal, Early Celtic Art (2 vol., 1989); R. and V. Megaw, Celtic Art: From Its Beginnings to the Book of Kells (1989); F. Muller, Art of the Celts, 700 B.C. to A.D. 700 (2009).

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References in periodicals archive ?
GOODWOOD: 2.15 Broad Appeal, 2.45 Call Me Katie, 3.20 Celtic Art, 3.50 Angel Grey, 4.25 Themaxwecan, 5.00 Sweet Pursuit, 5.35 Look Closely.
A couple of horses who finished behind him that day have gone on to win, with even the 11th-placed Celtic Art finishing runner-up in the Convivial Maiden at York last week.
grow up I wanted one." A couple of horses who finished behind him that day have gone on to win, with even the 11th-placed Celtic Art finishing runner-up in the Convivial Maiden at York last week.
Ridden by James Doyle, he overcame a slow start to win by half a length from the Paul Cole-trained Celtic Art and complete a double for the stable, which has now had four winners at the meeting.
Ridden by James Doyle, he overcame a slow start to win by half a length from Paul Cole-trained Celtic Art and complete a double for the stable, which has now had four winners at the meeting.
In the first show, modern work (mostly painting) was exhibited alongside works of Celtic art (high crosses, stone pillars, gold artefacts), a formalist gesture intended to justify the abstractions of modernism by reference to those of antiquity, which brought with it a whiff of the primitivism of high modernism itself: think Picasso's enthusiasm for 'primal' African sculpture.
"People have a lot of ideas about the Celts but there is a lot more to Celtic art and decoration than tattoos and gift shops.
Celtic Art comes from a renowned expert on the subject, features after 250 masterpieces from Celtic productions through the ages, and is a recommendation for collections strong in European art in general or Celtic art and history in particular.
The overall collection of around 170 objects comprises a wide range of artefacts, including fragments of cauldrons, a crescentic-shaped plaque with Celtic art decoration and part of an ancient trumpet or war horn.
Over the last century or so it was popular to treat Celtic art as something distinct and untouched by that of other cultures.